Infectious mononucleosis is an illness caused by a viral infection. It is commonly called mononucleosis, or “mono.” Mononucleosis is most often caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. In some cases, it is caused by other viruses. It is an infection that produces flu-like symptoms, and usually goes away on its own in a few weeks with the help of plenty of fluids and rest.
Mono is spread through kissing, coughing, sneezing, or any contact with the saliva of someone who has been infected with the virus. It can also be spread through other types of direct contact, like sharing a straw or an eating utensil.
Researchers believe that mono may be spread sexually as well. Most cases of mono do not require treatment, but you still need to take care of yourself until the illness goes away. You should see your doctor to make sure your symptoms are not caused by a treatable infection, such as strep throat, it is certain you have mono. If you have not been diagnosed with mono and you have a severe sore throat has lasted longer than 2 to 3 days after trying home treatment, call your doctor in 1 to 2 days.
The main symptoms of mononucleosis are fever, headaches, muscle aches, unusual fatigue, such as the need of long hours sleep. After this these symptoms will followed by sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes, chills, joint aches, loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting, enlarged spleen, red rashes, abdominal pain etc. In rare cases, an enlarged spleen can rupture. The spleen is a small organ near the stomach.
Call your doctor if you develop the symptoms of mononucleosis.
If you have been diagnosed with mononucleosis, contact your doctor immediately if:
- Your breathing becomes difficult or noisy
- You experience intense pain in the upper left side of your abdomen
- Your symptoms seem to be getting worse after one to two weeks