They are considered to b the largest endocrine glands in the body. The name is derived from the Greek word “shield” as it is quite similar to a cartilage. Thyroid glands play an extremely important role in storing or producing hormones for a body. It basically preserves and releases hormones needed during the day to fasten metabolism. Every activity related to heart, body, and cell is controlled by hormones. They eventually help convert food into something called as energy. The foods consumed by you get converted into elements that the body recognizes as energy. Iodine is absorbed through this conversion which further allows the glands to secrete hormones.
Every human body requires hormones to manage internal cell formation completely. They essentially play an important role helping kids grow and mature into adults. The physical body changes in kids, teens and adults takes place due to hormones and its adjustments.
So where exactly is a thyroid gland located? It is situated beneath the neck just below Adam’s apple. The shape of this gland is similar to a butterfly. There are two wings that are attached to the center. The thyroid needs iodine to release hormones.
Hence, you must remember to consume a healthy diet that might help in correct formation of hormones. Hormones releases are in the form of T4 and T3. The other role of thyroid gland is to stimulate hormones for calcium production. There needs to be a correct quantity of calcium required by bones and teeth.
Cacitonin is a hormone that is secreted by the thyroid gland that further enables to make your bones strong. Hence, thyroid glands play an extremely important role in body tissues, enabling vitamins, minerals and maturing a human body.
Most people with thyroid problems often find themselves to be weak and tired. Even an addition in production of hormones can lead to lot of problems. However, thyroid problems are more common in women than men. Women undergo an excessive amount of hormonal issues some affecting their health terribly.
Diseases of the thyroid glands include goiter, orhypothyroidism, and overactive thyroid disease and thyroid nodules. These diseases tend to put too much pressure on the upper part of a human body. An overactive thyroid gland leads to hyperthyroidism while an underperformer is called as ashypothyroidsm. An enlarged thyroid would result in goiter. Thyroid nodules are non-cancerous mass of structures formed within. However, it is recommended to go for a complete scan to rule out the possibility of cancer.