What is Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)?

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections.

Most Sexually Transmitted Diseases affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems could be more severe for women. A pregnant mother can pass on the infections to her baby. The infection could be caused by bacteria/parasite or virus.

Sexually transmitted disease risk behavior cannot be viewed as merely the result of conscious choices.

Sexual health and the practice of responsible and sustainable sexual behaviors is a complex issue influenced by a wide array of biological, social, emotional, interpersonal, and spiritual issues.

Specific behaviors can be identified which facilitate the transmission of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, but factors influencing these behaviors are not generally amenable to simplistic explanation. Unprotected vaginal and anal intercourse is the primary method of transmission for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  Abstinence or delay in the onset of sexual activity is an effective protective measure for preventing the transmission of all Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Among people not practicing abstinence, mutually monogamous relationships provide a protective measure against Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  Avoidance of multi-partnering and anonymous sex venues can also significantly reduce the risk of infection with Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  Correct and consistent use of latex condoms during penetrative sexual activity constitutes an equally important protective behavior to prevent transmission of bacterial Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  The infection could also travel from one person to the other by sharing infected syringes.

The most common Sexually Transmitted Diseases are:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital herpes
  • HPV
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis

Suffering with any kind of Sexually Transmitted Disease creates huge lot of problems for the patient. It damages the normal functioning of the reproductive organs. It also destroys the patient’s immune system. So, it is always wise to address the issue at the very onset without feeling embarrassed as it might take a serious shape in the long run. And as they say, prevention is always better than cure, be aware of the various preventive measures to avoid the risks.