Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs. These diseases are also termed as Sexually Transmitted Infections.
If your sexual life and present symptoms suggest that you have a Sexually Transmitted Infection, you must go for laboratory tests that can identify the cause and detect co infections you might also have contracted.
It is easier to treat Sexually Transmitted Infections caused by bacteria than virus. Viral infections could be manageable but not always cured. Pregnant women with a Sexually Transmitted Infection, if treated in early stage could avoid or reduce the risk of spreading infection to their babies.
Depending on the infection, treatment or drugs are used.
- Antibiotics. Antibiotics can cure many sexually transmitted bacterial and parasitic infections, like gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. It is also important to abstain from sex until the patient has completed treatment and all the symptoms have cleared off.
- Antiviral drugs. Antiviral drugs work for herpes and AIDS. They reduce the symptoms and might cure the infection too! Antiviral drugs can keep HIV infection at bay for many years, although the virus persists and can be transmitted. It is always advisable to start the treatment at the earliest. The sooner it will be the more effective it is. If you take anti-HIV medication for 28 days, starting as soon as you know you have been exposed, you may avoid becoming HIV-positive.
- Partner notification. If tests show that you have an Sexually Transmitted Infection, your sex partner/partners need to be informed so that they can get tested and treated if infected.
The best treatment for Sexually Transmitted Diseases is to take the preventive measures and avoid getting affected. Abstain from sex or practise safe sex. Before any serious sexual contact, communicate with your partner about practicing safer sex. Get vaccinated. Do not undergo sexual practices under the influence of alcohol or drugs. You should also teach your teens about the basic do’s and don’ts. You can help your child understand the risks of sexual activity and that it’s advisable to wait to have sex.