Yeast infection is an infection of the vagina caused to a fungus named as Candida. It is characterized by burning, soreness, pain during sexual activity, urination and vaginal discharge and itching. It can be treated with anti fungal medications applied to the required area or can be taken through mouth. Candida may be normally present in some women and not cause disease.
Treatment of Vaginal yeast infection and vulvitis can be treated with antifungal medicines that can be applied topically in and around the vagina or with antifungal medications taken by mouth. Mixed infections with more than one microbe need various treatments. Antifungal creams are:
The over dose of treatments are an option for some women when yeast is the cause of the infection. It has been seen that infection other than yeast can yield similar symptoms. These include bacterial, vaginosis, Chlamydia and gonorrhea. If symptoms do not get erased with time then patients should see doctor for evaluation.
Antifungal medications that are available in form of vaginal tablets are:
- Miconazole(Monistat, Micatin)
Other medications for yeast vaginitis and vulvitis includes fluconazole (Diflucan)
Most doctors treat vaginal yeast infections with vaginal tablets and suppositories as compared to oral medications. Oral antifungal medicines can cause side effects like headache, nausea and abdominal pain while vaginal treatment is unlikely to cause side effects. Oral medications are not prescribed during pregnancy time.
All women with the symptoms of infection described above should be treated. Women without symptoms should not be treated. Most experts do not prescribe to treat sexual partners of women with yeast vaginitis, if they do not show any signs of infection.