Yeast infection is an infection of the vagina caused to a fungus named as Candida. It is characterized by burning, soreness, pain during sexual activity, urination and vaginal discharge and itching. It can be treated with anti fungal medications applied to the required area or can be taken through mouth. Candida may be normally present in some women and not cause disease.

Treatment of Vaginal yeast infection and vulvitis can be treated with antifungal medicines that can be applied topically in and around the vagina or with antifungal medications taken by mouth. Mixed infections with more than one microbe need various treatments. Antifungal creams are:

  • Butoconazole
  • Clotrimazole
  • Miconazole
  • Terconazole

The over dose of treatments are an option for some women when yeast is the cause of the infection. It has been seen that infection other than yeast can yield similar symptoms. These include bacterial, vaginosis, Chlamydia and gonorrhea. If symptoms do not get erased with time then patients should see doctor for evaluation.

Antifungal medications that are available in form of vaginal tablets are:

  • Clotrimazole(Lotrimin,Mcelex)
  • Terconazole(Terazol)
  • Miconazole(Monistat, Micatin)
  • Nystatin(Mycostatin)

Other medications for yeast vaginitis and vulvitis includes fluconazole (Diflucan)

Most doctors treat vaginal yeast infections with vaginal tablets and suppositories as compared to oral medications. Oral antifungal medicines can cause side effects like headache, nausea and abdominal pain while vaginal treatment is unlikely to cause side effects. Oral medications are not prescribed during pregnancy time.

All women with the symptoms of infection described above should be treated. Women without symptoms should not be treated. Most experts do not prescribe to treat sexual partners of women with yeast vaginitis, if they do not show any signs of infection.

Most people associate yeast infection with female as it is a fact that many women suffer from genital yeast infection or candidas. However, we must be aware that many men also suffer from genital yeast infection and it’s not a very uncommon disease in men. In men, the infection can occur from unprotected sex with an infected female, it can also get transmitted during men with men sexual intercourse.

Treatment of Male Yeast Infection

Most doctors or physicians prescribe the drug, Difulcan and at times, they also prescribe a non-prescription remedy called Monistat treatment. However, such mode of treatment will not provide any permanent solution and will only treat the symptoms of the disease and not the disease itself.

The best way to make sure that the infection does not occur again, is to make some affective changes in one’s lifestyle and then try some natural and homemade remedies for speedy recovery.

Natural yogurt, taking in an adequate quantity, can greatly reduce the pain associated with the disease; it can also prevent any further infection in the patient. The person suffering from yeast infection should follow a healthy diet, rich in vegetables and fruit. He should also avoid consuming alcohol and eating excessive sugar or sugar based food.

Adding white vinegar and salt in the bath water can also reduce the affects of the infection and also speed up the recovery process.

Also, it is important that a man suffering from this disease should take extra care of his personal hygiene and clean the infected are after going to the toilet. People can also opt for a various creams or lotions which are found in the market, for treating yeast infection. However, one should only apply these creams or lotions after consulting with a doctor and making sure that the chemicals in those products do not cause any allergic reaction.

Yeast infection or Candidiasis, is a fungal infection caused by any of the Candida species (all yeasts), of which Candida albicans is the most common. Candidiasis is also technically known as candidosis, moniliasis, and oidiomycosis.

Candidiasis encompasses infections that range from superficial, such as oral thrush and vaginitis, to systemic and potentially life-threatening diseases.

The severe and life threatening diseases are also referred to as candidemia and are usually found in persons who have low immunity such as the patients suffering from:

  • Cancer
  • Transplant
  • AIDS patients
  • Non-trauma emergency surgery patients

Superficial infections of skin and mucosal membranes by Candida causing local inflammation and discomfort are very common in human being.

However a most common yeast infection is vaginal yeast infections. It occur when yeast enters into the vaginal area and in some cases when there is an increase in the quantity of yeast already present in the vagina relative to the quantity of normal bacteria. Though it can also happens in conditions when the normal, protective bacteria are eradicated by antibiotics. Normally taken to treat a urinary tract, respiratory, or other types of infection or by immunosuppressive drugs, the yeast can multiply, invade tissues, and cause irritation of the lining of the vagina (vaginitis).

Causes Vaginal yeast infections

  • Injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy
  • Suppressed immune systems
  • Diabetes mellitus, pregnancy
  • Taking oral contraceptives
  • Use of douches or perfumed vaginal hygiene sprays

A vaginal yeast infection is not considered to be a sexually transmitted infection (STD), since Candida may be present in the normal vagina, and the condition does occur in celibate women. However, it is possible for men to develop symptoms of skin irritation of the penis from a yeast infection after sexual intercourse with an infected partner.


In clinical settings, candidiasis or yeast infection is commonly treated with antimycotics—the antifungal drugs commonly used to treat candidiasis are topical clotrimazole, topical nystatin, fluconazole, and topical ketoconazole.

Some alternative medicine proponents postulate a widespread occurrence of systemic candidiasis. The view was most widely promoted in a book published by Dr. William Crook, which hypothesized that a variety of common symptoms could be caused by subclinical infections of Candida albicans such as:

  • Fatigue
  • PMS
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Asthma
  • Psoriasis
  • Digestive and urinary problems
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Muscle pain

In the book Crook has suggested a variety of remedies to treat these symptoms, ranging from dietary modification, prescription antifungal, to colonic irrigation. With the exception of the few dietary studies in the urinary tract infection section, conventional medicine has not used most of these alternatives, since there is limited scientific evidence to prove either their effectiveness, or that subclinical systemic candidacies is a viable diagnosis.