Effects

The mono virus can affect young children and adults as well, and mostly pregnant woman are also at risk of suffering from mono. Pregnant woman are often very worried when diagnosed with mono. Mono might affect the fetus’s health. This is danger for baby.

Risks

According to the latest research from the American college of obstetrics and gynecology, mono does not causes an increased risk of miscarriage or birth defects for pregnant woman who are infected.

Symptoms

In the majority of causes, the symptoms are mild. Many people experience swollen lymph nodes; fever and sore throat fatigue is also a problem, which results from both the mono and the symptoms of pregnancy.

Fever- high fevers do needs to be controlled, as extremely high fever can pose some danger to the baby. Dehydration from fevers and lack of appetite must also be avoided. This particularly important in pregnancy to ensure that baby is getting all the fluids he needs.

Tips for coping with Mono during pregnancy

  • Medical help- there is no cure for mono. Serious complications from mono usually only occur in individuals who already have an underlying medical condition. You can ask your medical practitioner for advice about treatments for mono symptoms that are safe to use in pregnancy.
  • Eat well- it is hard to follow this advice when mono causes decreased appetite. You need nutrition for you and the fetus. Fruit and protein shakes can be good way to improve your nutritional intake.
  • Extra rest- resting is best way to treat mono.

In most cases Mononucleosis is a prolonged condition and one has to be confined to the home for weeks. Another important thing is that there is no specific therapy available to treat mononucleosis infection as antibiotics don’t work against mononucleosis viral infections. So the only treatment available for this condition is bed rest and adequate fluid intake.

Only advice for the patient is that they have to be patient with their body as it fights the infection.

The young people who suffer from mononucleosis will have to miss their regular activities, like classes, team practices and parties. Though if one has mononucleosis, it does not mean that they necessarily need to be quarantined but it is advisable to stay at home and avoid school and other activities until one feels better.

In addition to taking bed rest the patient can do a few more things to relieve symptoms of mononucleosis.

  • Drink plenty of water and fruit juices
  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever
  • Gargle with salt water

Fluids help relieve fever and sore throat and prevent dehydration. Also an over-the-counter pain reliever though these medicines may have no antiviral properties but the only reason to take them is to relieve pain or a fever. But avoid aspirin to a child under age 16 as it may trigger a rare but potentially fatal disorder known as Reye’s syndrome. Along with this Gargle with salt water relieves sore throat. As for the proportion of salt and water, mix 1/2 teaspoon salt in 237 milliliters of warm water.

Most signs and symptoms of mononucleosis ease within a few weeks, but it may be two to three months before the patient feels completely normal. The more rest one gets, the chances of recovery are faster. Avoid returning to the usual schedule too soon as it can lead to relapse of this medical condition.

Also the spleen is at risk and one should any risk of rupturing the spleen. The best way is to wait at least one month before returning to vigorous activities like heavy lifting, roughhousing or contact sports etc. If there is a rupture of the spleen it results in severe bleeding and this is a medical emergency.

The best way is to ask the doctor when it is safe to resume the normal level of activity. Most of the doctors recommend a gradual exercise program to help rebuild the strength during recovery.

One of the most common bacterial infections of the throat is Strep Throat. It is caused by a type of bacteria known as Group A Streptococcus bacteria. It is commonly found in children between age 5 and 15, although anyone can get it.

Strep throat is spread by contact or through the nasal secretions or saliva. Most often it spreads among family or household members.

Symptoms

The symptoms can be either mild or severe. One usually starts feeling sick about 2 to 5 days after coming in contact with the bacteria. But most of the times these symptoms begin suddenly, and can include:

  • Fever that begins suddenly and is often highest on the second day
  • Red throat, sometimes with white patches
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Chills
  • General ill feeling
  • Loss of appetite and abnormal taste
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Difficulty swallowing

Some types of strep throat also result in a scarlet fever-like rash. According experts this rash is an allergic reaction to toxins produced by the strep bacteria.

Tests

A simple and quick test, known as the rapid strep test, can be done in the local health care provider offices, but it is not always accurate and may miss out in a few of the cases.

If the rapid strep test is negative and your health care provider still has a doubt that a person is suffering from strep, a throat swab can be tested (cultured) to see if strep grows from it. However, the reports of this test take one to two days.

Treatment

Though most sore throats are caused by viruses but strep-throat is caused by bacteria. For the diagnosis of Strep we cannot go by symptoms or a physical exam alone as many of the other causes of sore throats may have the same symptoms.

Sore throats should only be treated with antibiotics if the strep test is positive. The reason for taking antibiotics is to prevent rare but more serious health problems, such as rheumatic fever. Also the patient should take the Antibiotics for 10 days, even though symptoms are usually gone after few days.

Some tips to make the sore throat feel better:

  • Drink warm liquids such as lemon tea or tea with honey.
  • Gargle several times a day with warm salt water (1/2 tsp of salt in 1 cup water).
  • Drink cold liquids or suck on popsicles.
  • Suck on hard candies or throat lozenges. Young children should not be given such products because they can choke on them.
  • A cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier can moisten and soothe a dry and painful throat.
  • Try over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen.

When a blood supply does not reach a part of brain, it results in stroke. This blockage of blood flow occurs either due to blood clot or bursting of blood vessel.

As brain regulates the activities of entire body, the brain stroke can result in impairment of essential body tasks.

Strokes may cause inability to perform daily tasks, speech problems, or paralysis in severe cases.

The effects of depression may be temporary or permanent in nature. Usually the patients get into depression after the stroke.

How stroke leads to depression?

Studies have revealed that stroke survivors get into depression after the stroke. In fact, many stroke patients are treated by psychiatrists for improving their depression symptoms.

The severity of depression after stroke depends on various factors including area of the brain suffered by stroke, family history of depression, and any depression symptoms that were existed before the stroke.

Stroke survivors may become more irritable and do not follow strict course of treatment. It tends to make them more depressed.

Risk factors of depression in stroke patients

  • Individuals who have High blood pressure
  • Individuals who are overweight
  • Older people who have heart disease

Symptoms of depression in patients with Stroke

Patients who suffer from stroke may experience various symptoms of depression.

  • Lack of self esteem
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tendency to eat more or loss of appetite
  • Lack of energy or fatigue
  • Feeling of worthlessness, sad mood
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Difficulty in sleeping (too much sleep or too less sleep)
  • Lack of interest in enjoying tasks that were once pleasurable
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Suicidal tendency
  • Increasing intake of alcohol, drugs, or tobacco

Treatment of depression in patients with Stroke

Psychiatrists treat the depression in patients with stroke by employing combination of various therapies for obtaining the desired results.

Antidepressants medications take many weeks to show their results. Psychiatrists usually combine medications with other therapies such as Cognitive-behavioural therapy or ongoing talk therapy.

The dosage of these medications may be adjusted depending on the patient’s response for reducing the side effects and achieving the optimal results.

  • Medications like antidepressants and antipsychotic medications

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)

Serotonin and nor epinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)

  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy/ Psychotherapy/ or talk therapy
  • Physical exercise
  • Support from families/friends
  • Lifestyle changes including regular aerobic exercises that boost the patient’s mood
  • Medications for building new bones and stopping bone loss

Doctors may perform certain selected investigations in order to rule out other causes.

  • Blood tests for TSH and thyroxin levels for excluding hypothyroidism
  • Basic electrolytes and serum calcium for ruling out metabolic disturbances
  • Full blood count including ESR for ruling out a systemic infection
  •  Subjective cognitive complaints in older depressed people

Tips for coping up with depression

  • Develop circle of friends and social support
  • Treatment at the early occurrence of a problem
  • Learn ways of controlling stress
  • Increase your resilience
  • Aware of the causes or triggers of the disease
  • Learn various ways of boosting low self-esteem
  • Long-term maintenance treatment for preventing relapse of depression

o wonder even the thought of having cancer can make you depressed. Cancer is a really a life threatening disease. However there is no proof that cancer can lead to depression or vice versa.

Although there is no direct link between depression and cancer, the patients diagnosed with cancer experience high level of stress or sadness. Eventually these feelings result in depression.

Effect of Depression on Cancer

Depression can affect the treatment of cancer in patients who have cancer. Patients find it difficult to take active part in treatment as they are depressed and have negative feelings.

It is essential to treat depression in cancerous patients as it can generate more positive results.

Diagnostic Tests for Depression in patients who have cancer

The diagnosis of the depression in patients who have cancer is performed by trained and well qualified psychiatrists.

Doctors usually perform complete physical examination of the depressed patients who have cancer.  Patient is asked several questions associated with medical history and symptoms.

  • Physical Assessment
  • Thorough evaluation of symptoms
  • Standardized questionnaires
  • Blood tests for TSH and thyroxin levels for excluding hypothyroidism
  • Basic electrolytes and serum calcium for ruling out metabolic disturbances
  • Full blood count including ESR for ruling out a systemic infection

Signs and Symptoms of Depression in patients who have cancer

  • Feeling of sadness
  • Mood Disorders
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Difficulty in making decisions
  • Feeling of worthlessness, hopelessness
  • Feeling irritable or restlessness
  • Loss of interest in activities that were once pleasurable
  • Feeling tired frequently
  • Loss of memory
  • Loss of appetite
  • Suicidal tendency

Treatment of depression in people who have cancer

Psychiatrists need to treat depression in cancer patients after careful evaluation. As some of the antidepressants cause various side effects so doctors need to find the drugs that produces maximum benefits with least side effects in patients.

There are various therapies used by psychiatrists for treating depression in cancer patients.

  • Medications like antidepressants and antipsychotic medication

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)

  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy/ Psychotherapy/ or talk therapy that inculcates the positive attitude and behaviours in the patients
  • Physical exercise
  • Support from families/friends

Other therapies for treating depression in cancer patients

  • Psycho education where patients are made to understand their illness and ways of its treatment
  • Stress management training that involves training the patients to cope up with various stressful situations
  • Problem-solving therapy that assist in identifying the problems and learning ways for solving them.
  •  Support group where patients can express their emotions freely
  • Coping Skills for taking care of depression and cancer treatment

Common Tips for treating depression in cancer patients

  • Maintain strict regimen of taking medications
  • Maintain proper sleeping habits
  • Get engage in socialising activities
  • Take interest in pleasurable activities
  • Exercise regularly and remain physical active
  • Minimize use of alcohol and other illegal drugs
  • Eating healthy foods
  • Express feelings to close friends and family
  • Quit smoking

Depression is linked to various medical conditions especially those related to brain disorders.

Alzheimer is one such brain disease that causes depression in affected patients.

Alzheimer is a type of dementia characterised by difficulty in remembering, communicating and learning.  It occurs due to damage of the brain cells inside patient’s brain.

How depression originates in Alzheimer’s patients?

As patients suffering from Alzheimer find it difficult to memorise or communicate, they are not able to take proper care of themselves. It results in behavioural changes and mood disorders in these patients.

Patients who have Alzheimer become more depressed on realizing that their symptoms are getting worse.

Depression is not only a common occurrence in Alzheimer’s patients, but it also enhances the severity of the Alzheimer symptoms.

Symptoms of Depression in Alzheimer’s patients

Have you seen a patient suffering from Alzheimer disease? Try to look out for the following signs and symptoms to check if he/she is depressed.

  • Reluctant to act, move or perform any task (Apathy)
  • Showing lack of self esteem, sadness or worthlessness
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Sleep disturbances including too less or too much sleep
  • Sudden mood fluctuations
  • State of confusion
  • Getting unusually emotional (started crying or getting angry)
  • Remaining in isolation
  • Do not want to take any personal care
  • Refusal to take medications
  • Aimless wandering
  • Lack of pleasure in activities that were once enjoyable

It is difficult to distinguish between the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and depression separately. You should consult with your psychiatrist to confirm if the patient suffering from Alzheimer’s disease is also depressed.

Diagnosis of Depression in Alzheimer patients

The diagnosis of depression in Alzheimer patients is performed by experienced psychiatrist. He/she

may ask various questions to Alzheimer patients about their signs and symptoms of depression.

Psychiatrist may perform the thorough medical examination of the patient. Patient many be asked to conduct blood tests for ruling out any other medical cause of depression.

Psychiatrists may also ask the family members of patient if they have observed any changed behaviours in the patient.

Common Diagnostic Procedures

•             Full patient medical history

•             Physical Assessment

•             Thorough evaluation of symptoms

•             Standardized questionnaires like Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and the Beck Depression Inventory

Laboratory tests for ruling out other medical causes

•             Blood tests for TSH and thyroxin levels for excluding hypothyroidism

•             Basic electrolytes and serum calcium for ruling out metabolic disturbances

•             Full blood count including ESR for ruling out a systemic infection

•             Adverse affective reactions for alcohol misuse

Treatment of Depression in Alzheimer’s patients

Psychiatrist usually prescribes antidepressant medicines for improving the symptoms of depression in Alzheimer patients.

Antidepressant medicines are effective in improving the depression symptoms however they do have some side effects also. Psychiatrist usually prescribes those medications that provide maximum benefits at minimum risks.

The dosages of these medications are also adjusted in Alzheimer’s patients and their effects are carefully monitored.

The doctors usually employ the combination of various therapies to obtain the optimal results.

  • Medications like antidepressants and antipsychotic medication
  • Cognitive-behavioural therapy/ Psychotherapy
  • Physical exercise
  • Support from families/friends

Tips for Depression in Alzheimer’s patients

  • Maintain a strict daily routine of activities
  • Take all your medications on time and complete their dosage
  • Stay away from loud noises
  • Avoid stress and various situations that trigger stress
  • Socialise with people who have positive attitude
  • Make a support group of friends and family members
  • Engage in enjoyable activities like going to park, painting, gardening, etc
  • Ask for help if required
  • Take time out to spend with your relatives and friends

Have you observed the signs of depression in individuals who have had heart attack?

As per researchers, heart attacks (or other heart diseases) play significant role in causing depression in people who have had these heart diseases. Studies have shown that people who have heart disease are more vulnerable to depression compared to otherwise healthy people.

Why heart attack or other heart diseases cause depression?

The exact cause of depression in patients, who have heart diseases, is not known. However depression may further worsens the symptoms of heart disease as it can reduce the physical and mental health of patients.

Depressed patients tend to ignore their medication plan and skip the treatment for heart disease.

It puts them at higher risk of death after a heart attack.

Causes of depression in patients who have heart diseases

• Biological differences may result from chemical or physical changes in the brains of affected people and lead to depression.

• Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring brain chemicals, associated with the fluctuations in the mood of the person. The neurotransmitters are supposed to play significant part in causing depression.

• The hormones may trigger depression depending on the changes in their levels in the body. There are various factors that brought about changes in hormone levels such as menopause, thyroid problems, etc.

Diagnostic Tests for Depression in patients with heart diseases

The diagnosis of the major depression is performed by doctors after thorough medical examination of the depressed patient.  Patient is asked various questions related to medical history and symptoms.

Common Diagnostic Procedures

• Full patient medical history

• Physical Assessment

• Thorough evaluation of symptoms

• Standardized questionnaires like Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and the Beck Depression Inventory

• Blood tests for TSH and thyroxin levels for excluding hypothyroidism

• Basic electrolytes and serum calcium for ruling out metabolic disturbances

• Full blood count including ESR for ruling out a systemic infection

• Adverse affective reactions for medications

• Adverse affective reactions for alcohol misuse

•  Evaluation of Testosterone levels for diagnosing hypogonadism

Signs and Symptoms of Depression in patients with heart diseases

Sadness

Feeling of worthlessness, hopelessness

Feeling irritable or restlessness

Loss of interest in activities that were once pleasurable

Feeling tired frequently

Difficulty in concentrating

Difficulty in making decisions

Loss of memory

Loss of appetite

Suicidal tendency

Treatment of depression in people with heart disease

Psychiatrists treat the depression by employing the combination of various therapies to obtain the optimal results.

• Medications like antidepressants and antipsychotic medication

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) such as citalopram, sertraline, and fluoxetine

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) such as venlafaxine and duloxetine

• Cognitive-behavioural therapy/ Psychotherapy/ or talk therapy that inculcates the positive attitude and behaviours in the patients

• Physical exercise

• Support from families/friends

Tips for treating depression in heart disease patients

• Exercise regularly and remain physical active

• Eating healthy foods

• Take interest in pleasurable activities

• Maintain proper sleeping habits

• Minimize use of alcohol and other illegal drugs

• Quit smoking

• Get engage in socialising activities

• Express feelings to close friends and family

• Maintain strict regimen of taking medications

When people get old they are more prone to depression. In fact, depression is a common disease in elderly individuals.

Usually, depression in elderly goes untreated as people don’t consider it seriously. It is characterised by persistent feelings of sadness and a lack of self-esteem.

Causes of depression in elderly

Elderly individuals are vulnerable to depression due to various life changes faced by them. These changes not only make them depressed but also enhance the severity of symptoms if already present.

Common causes of depression

•             Change in the location of residence after retirement

•             Pain of separation from children

•             Feelings of isolation or loneliness after death of children

•             Inability to do various activities such as driving or running

•             Associated illnesses or chronic pain

•             Difficult to concentrate or think clearly

•             Loss of memory

•             Depression linked with drug or alcohol abuse

•             Depression linked with physical illnesses such as thyroid disorders, heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, or stroke.

•             Depression as a part of dementia

•             Depression as side effect of many medications

There is lack of awareness in many older people about depression. In majority of cases, older people do not see doctor for treating the symptoms of depression as they consider it as normal phenomenon.

Symptoms of Depression in Elderly

The symptoms of depression in the elderly are not easily identified. Most of the depression symptoms in elderly are similar to the symptoms of depression in other individuals.

•  Fatigue

•  Loss of appetite

•  Difficulty in sleeping

•  State of confusion

•  Loss of memory

•  Changes in eating habits or loss of appetite

•  Loss of interest in activities that were once pleasurable

•  Irritable moods

•  Not taking shower or avoid shaving

•  Dirty and wrinkled clothes

•  Tendency to remain isolated or Withdrawing from others

•  Avoiding medications

•  Not answering phone calls

Diagnostic tests for depression in elderly

Psychiatrists may ask various questions to elderly patients about their symptoms of depression.

The diagnosis of the depression in elderly patients is performed by doctors after thorough medical examination of the depressed patient. Patient is also asked to conduct blood tests for ruling out any other medical cause of depression.

Common Diagnostic Procedures

•  Full patient medical history

•  Physical Assessment

•  Thorough evaluation of symptoms

•  Standardized questionnaires like Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and the Beck Depression Inventory

Laboratory tests for ruling out other medical causes

•  Blood tests for TSH and thyroxin levels for excluding hypothyroidism

•  Basic electrolytes and serum calcium for ruling out metabolic disturbances

•  Full blood count including ESR for ruling out a systemic infection

• Adverse affective reactions for alcohol misuse

Treatment for depression in elderly

In older people suffering from depression, doctor first treats any underlying physical illnesses

that may be causing depression.

The antidepressants usually cause more side effects in elderly patients therefore psychiatrists prescribe the medications which provide maximum benefits with minimum side effects.

The dosages of these medications are also adjusted in elderly patients and their effects are carefully monitored.

The doctors usually employ the combination of various therapies to obtain the optimal results.

•  Medications like antidepressants and antipsychotic medication

•  Cognitive-behavioural therapy/ Psychotherapy

•  Physical exercise

•  Support from families/friends

Tips for elderly patients with depression

•  Elderly patient should adopt positive changes in their lifestyle

•  Exercise regularly and remain physical active

•  Take interest in pleasurable activities

•  Maintain proper sleeping habits

•  Minimize use of alcohol and other illegal drugs

•  Get engage in socialising activities

•  Express feelings to close friends and family

•  Maintain strict regimen of taking medications

Believe it or not, you can treat your depressed mood to large extent by adding certain radical lifestyle changes to other standard treatments.

Yes, the symptoms of depression can be improved by adopting positive changes in your lifestyle. However, there is no denying the fact that you need to see a psychiatrist and follow other standard treatment for depression.

Tips for improving depression Symptoms

•  Ensure to follow your treatment plan strictly. The treatment of depression goes on for months and at times you may feel like skipping a session or two, however resist any temptation to skip any psychotherapy sessions or taking your medications.

•  Always consult with your doctor before stopping any medications. Be aware of the fact that depression may relapse if you stop taking your treatment without consulting your psychiatrist.

•  Educate yourself about depression as it not only increase your understanding of the disease but also assists you in managing your disease better.

•  Become aware of various activities, things or places that can trigger your depression.  Your psychiatrist may help you in identifying the triggers of your depression. By avoiding these triggers you can keep your depression in check.

•  Monitor the changes in your behaviour and mood regularly. Contact your psychiatrist if you feel there are certain changes in symptoms.

•  Prepare a support group including your family members or friends. Ask them to notice changes in your behaviour, activities and mood.

•  Engage yourself in physical activity like walking, jogging, swimming, etc as it helps in reducing the symptoms of depression.

•  Stay away from smoking, alcohol and illicit drugs. Although you may feel tempted to smoke or consume alcohol at times as these activities relieve you temporarily from depression; however in the long run it makes your depression harder to treat.

•  Ensure to get plenty of sleep and put on light music if you experience difficulties in sleeping.

“Baby Blues” is common in mothers who have recently delivered the baby. However, if the signs of depression persist for longer than a week in new moms, it suggests the occurrence of postpartum depression.

Postpartum depression differs from “baby blues” in a way that it does not disappear quickly. Mothers with postpartum depression experience feeling of worthlessness, fatigue, restless, etc.

In rare cases, new moms may develop serious complications and become hysterical. They may find it difficult to eat or sleep. In such conditions, mothers need to be hospitalized.

Causes of postpartum depression

According to the researchers, the changes in levels of hormones during and after pregnancy are responsible for postpartum depression. Other factors that may result in postpartum depression are body, mind, and lifestyle factors.

Physical changes

During the postpartum period, a mother experiences great changes in the body that may affect her mood and behaviour for days or even weeks. It is due to the sharp decline in the levels of estrogens and progesterone hormones after childbirth.

These low levels results in mood swings, fatigue, anxiety, and other symptoms of postpartum depression.

Fatigue

After giving birth to a child, majority of women may feel very tired. It usually takes weeks for a woman to recover. Also, women are required to take care of child around the clock, along with household tasks.

These factors contribute to fatigue and lack of sleep for months in new moms.  It eventually leads to postpartum depression.

Lifestyle factors

Lacks of support from family members or inability to breastfeed baby are other lifestyle factors that may cause postpartum depression.

Symptoms of postpartum depression

Symptoms of postpartum depression in new mother can be summarised as follows:

  • Baby blues that stay for more than a week
  • Strong feelings of depression after one or two months after childbirth
  • Feelings of sadness, doubt or guilt
  • Helplessness that interfere in normal activities
  • Inability to take care for yourself
  • Trouble doing tasks at home
  • Changes in appetite
  • Lack of interest in things that were once pleasurable
  • Lack of interest in the baby
  • Worry about the baby
  • Anxiety or panic attacks
  • Thoughts of harming the baby
  • Suicidal tendency

Diagnostic tests of postpartum depression

A doctor will perform the following diagnostic procedures for postpartum depression. There is no X-ray or laboratory test involved.

  • Full patient medical history/evaluation
  • Personal and family psychiatric history
  • Physical Assessment
  • Thorough evaluation of symptoms
  • Questionnaire such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

In some cases, doctors may recommend blood tests for ruling out other serious illnesses. The early diagnosis and effective treatment helps a lot in treating postpartum depression.

Treatment of postpartum depression

The treatment for postpartum depression after childbirth may involve medication and other therapies. In most of the cases, doctors employ combination of these therapies for obtaining optimal results

  • Antidepressants that can be safely given to breastfeeding mothers comprises of paroxetine, sertraline, and nortriptyline.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Interpersonal therapy (IPT)

Tips for treating postpartum depression

  • Ask your family members and friends for help with baby’s needs
  • Share your feelings with your partner, family, and friends.
  • Avoid any major life changes after childbirth
  • Avoid stress and remain positive
  • Keep yourself busy and take time out for entertainment
  • Socialise with friends
  • Spend time alone with your partner
  • Take complete bed Rest
  • Sleep while your baby is sleeping
  • Share the experiences of other mothers
  • Contact various hotlines and support groups that are dedicated for women with postpartum depression