Myxedma is a situation in which the brain stops working either during coma as there is low secretion of thyroid hormone. This low secretion of hormone in the blood often causes certain complications in Hypothyroidism. This situation further leads to dangerous sorts of thyroid diseases in the patient. This disease is certainly not common but often observed among elder patients and women. This is also more prevalent during the cold periods. This situation often leads to death as there is little hormone secretion in the blood.
Most often the symptoms of hypothyroidism occur and then lead to myxedema or coma. Sometimes some of the symptoms gets unnoticed and leads to fatal death due to non-treatment at the regular periods. Some of the symptoms include depression, weight gain, headache, constipation, dry skin, lethargy, fatigue, cold intolerance, mental impairment, menstrual irregularity etc.
Most of these patients will certainly have a history in hypothyroidism and would have undergone a thyroid surgery. This problem is primarily due to the decreasing levels of hormones secreted by thyroid glands. This is majorly caused due to an absent working of the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus. This fails to give signals to the thyroid gland to manage its duties effectively.
Other factors include infections, trauma, and drugs like anesthesia, lithium tablets, amiodarone, stroke, heart failure, hypothermia, gastrointestinal bleeding, and inability to consume thyroid medicines. Some other observed symptoms include significant swelling of the eyes and entire body. In other cases, sparse, dry hair, collection of water in the lungs, harsh hallucinations, seizures, thickening of the eyebrows, abnormality in blood, reduction in sodium level, blood impurities, inability of the body to pump out additional water.
Most often a patient would require undergoing a thyroid test determining the level of T3 or T4 hormones in the blood. The other treatment options include helping the patient who finds difficulty in breathing and warming their body and bringing it back to normal temperatures. At times, antibiotics are also given to ensure no infections take place. However, the most difficult procedure is replacing the thyroid hormone which is also risky.