Systemic lupus erythematosus is also an auto immune disorder for long term. The joints, skin, brain and kidneys are affected by it. The causes of it differ. As it is an auto immune disease, the healthy tissues are mistakenly attacked by the body’s immune system. It also leads to inflammation of long term. The underlying cause of this disease is not known fully.
Systemic lupus erythematosus is very common in females than in men. The occurrence can be found at any age. However, it appears often in people between the age groups of 10 and 50. This disease affects the Asians and African Americans more as compared to other races.
Certain drugs may also be caused by systemic lupus erythematosus. The symptoms vary a lot from person to person. They come and go very often. Swelling and joint pain is commonly associated with this condition. Arthritis is also developed by some people.
The most commonly affected joints are hands, fingers, wrists, knees and hands. Other symptoms include:
- Chest pain while taking deep breath
- Fever without any cause
- Hair loss
- Uneasiness, ill feeling or general discomfort
- Sensitivity to sunlight
- Mouth sores
- Skin rashes
- Swollen lymph nodes
Depending on the part of body that is affected, other symptoms differ.
- Sometimes the nervous system and brain are affected. This leads to tingling, seizures, numbness, personality changes and vision problems
- Digestive tract is also affected thus causing vomiting, nausea and abdominal pain
- Abnormal heart rhythms may also be noticed.
- Sometimes a person coughs out blood and this causes difficulty in breathing.
- The color of the skin also changes
For being diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, one must at least show up 4 out of 11 symptoms. A physical examination will be performed by the doctor. Other tests include CBC, Kidney Biopsy and chest X-ray.