It becomes extremely important for people to understand the different problems related to thyroid and its side effects. Sometimes people find difficulty in understanding all the symptoms. They become sad and cannot cope up with every sudden surprise they get in life.

In case you are a thyroid cancer patient you should understand the treatments and the side effects well in advance. Some of the treatments can cause side effects which can be called as papillary or follicular carcinoma.

Some of the side effects also vary with the kind of treatment or procedure undertaken. Some people might opt for a radioactive or radiation based chemotherapy. You must always talk to your oncologist before learning to manage the situation better. It is always important to ask your doctor about the various post effects or side effects so that you be prepared for the same. And try to pay attention to the kind of treatment or medications they would be suggesting for your disorder.

Firstly opt for an experienced surgeon who specializes in thyroid cancer. This will take off the pressure form you in case of possible side-effects.

Secondly read or speak with patients who have been sufferers of thyroid cancer. Some of the possible side-effects include harsh voice, muscle spasm, tingling sensation, blood clots, voice loss and infection.

Sometimes patients opt for antiemetic drugs to help curb the chemotherapy side effects which included vomiting and nausea. However, only your doctor or surgeon can recommend any of these medicines. Also do not miss any of your weekly appointments as they are a way to help you manage your side-effects patiently.

A help from a doctor or an advice will certainly help in monitoring your progress. You must also improve your eating habits and strictly restrict to foods chosen by your docs. The diet should be rich in protein, fresh fruits, vegetables that will ensure a right balance of vitamins and calories.

Lastly, keep reading and researching on these side-effects which will help you to understand your procedure and health in a better manner. Get involved in small activities that keep you happy and calm. Also try to remain happy and not depressed even if the symptoms put a lot of damage on your health.

Muscle metabolism generates a chemical waste molecule known as the creatinine. It is produced from creatine, which is the most important molecule in the production of energy in muscles. Everyday about 2% of the creatine is converted into creatinine and it flows from the blood to the kidney which is then filtered and most of the creatinine is disposed with urine.

 

Why Creatinine Test

In diagnosing the proper function of the kidney creatinine test is very important. In spite of being a waste it has become a reliable factor in determining the functioning of the kidney. Rise of the creatinine level is a clear indicator that the kidneys are in the verge of malfunctioning. At times even before the patient reports the symptoms of the kidney problems there can be raise in the creatinine levels and the test will help the doctor to medicate and treat the patient accordingly.

Creatine and Arthritis

Since creatine is one of the primary chemicals that enhance the muscle movement and the exercising power, people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis patients are recommended to take it for improving their muscle movements. Even patients with bipolar disorder, depression, congestive heart failure, high cholesterol, and nerve and muscle diseases are given creatine supplements to increase the function of the muscles.

Creatine Supplement and Side-effects

It is said that people having asthmatic symptoms or with allergies are warned not to have creatine supplements. Apart from affecting the heat tolerance and the hydration capacity of a person often leading to muscle cramp, diarrhea, it is said that there is a chance of damaging the kidney of a person.

Creatinine Test and Arthritis

In most cases it is the rheumatoid arthritis that can be detected with a creatinine test. There is generally a lowering of the creatinine level in the case of rheumatoid arthritis, but at times the creatine supplements might damage the kidney or liver and the test will help the doctor to work accordingly. Generally the presence of protein in the urine is the indicator of problem of the kidney. The doctor can monitor it and investigate the reason behind the presence of creatinine, whether it is due to medication or infection or disease and treat the patient accordingly.

Normal Creatinine Level

The normal range of creatinine that should be present is approximately 0.6 to 1.2 milligram per deciliter in blood.

Symptoms of high Creatinine Level

The person may feel dehydrated, shortness of breath, fatigue and also confusion with other uncertain and nonspecific symptoms.

Using magnetic fields for stimulating the nerve cells in brain can lead to the improvement in symptoms of depression. This procedure is called as Transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a relatively new procedure that is recommended in patients who do not respond to other standard treatments such as medications and psychotherapy.

Although the exact role played by transcranial magnetic stimulation in relieving depression is not clear, the magnetic pulses stimulate the nerve cells in brain and thereby improve the depression symptoms in patients.

Preparation for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Transcranial magnetic stimulation is performed as an outpatient procedure in doctor’s office. There is no elaborative preparation needed as it is non-invasive procedure that doesn’t require anaesthesia.

  • Your psychiatrist will perform complete physical examination before surgery to ensure that it is a safe for you.
  • You may be asked to conduct blood tests or other laboratory tests to ascertain that you are medically fit for the procedure
  • You should inform your doctor regarding any medications you are taking as you may be asked to stop or adjust the doses of certain medications before the surgery
  • You should inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant.
  • You should inform your doctor if there are any implanted metallic devices in your body because Transcranial magnetic stimulation is not recommended in such cases.
  • You should also inform the doctor of any previous surgeries or associated health conditions.

Duration of Transcranial magnetic stimulation

Patient needs a series of treatment sessions for optimal results. The procedure is usually performed daily at least five times a week for 5 to 6 weeks.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation procedure

Before the procedure, the psychiatrist identifies the most suitable region for placing the magnets on your head. Moreover, psychiatrist also decides about the optimal dose of magnetic energy for the treatment.

  • You may be asked to sit comfortably in a reclining chair and wear earplugs during the treatment.
  • Psychiatrist places an electromagnetic coil against your head. He/she switches the electromagnetic coil off and on repeatedly couple of times for producing stimulating pulses.  It causes a tapping sound that lasts only for few seconds followed by pause.
  • Doctor will determine the appropriate dosage of magnetic energy required and increases the magnetic dose until your fingers or hands begin to twitch.
  • Depending on your symptoms and side effects, the amount of stimulation is changed during the procedure.
  • After the placement and dose of electromagnetic coil are determined, your treatment begins and it lasts for about 40 minutes.

Risks of Transcranial magnetic stimulation

The Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a relatively safe procedure and causes mild side effects.

Most of these side effects are short term in nature and usually improve after the first week or two of treatment.

Common Side Effects

  • Headache
  • Lightheadedness
  • Spasms or twitching of facial muscles
  • Scalp discomfort at the site of stimulation
  • Tingling

Complications

In some rare cases, the procedure may lead to certain serious side effects.

  • Seizures
  • Mania in patients with bipolar disorder
  • Hearing loss due to inadequate ear protection

Results of Transcranial magnetic stimulation

  • In majority of the cases, depression symptoms will improve or diminish completely.
  • The optimal results are obtained after several weeks of treatment
  • Patient should continue to take antidepressant medication or attend psychotherapy sessions even after transcranial magnetic stimulation.
  • The effectiveness of transcranial magnetic stimulation may improve once the optimal sites for stimulation and numbers of stimulations needed are identified.

The pneumonia shot refers to the vaccines for pneumonia that provides protection against various serotypes of pneumococcal bacteria. After receiving the vaccine shot, healthy individuals develop protection against most of Pneumococcal strains within 2 to 3 weeks.

Contrary to a myth, the pneumonia shot does not result in pneumonia as it is prepared from bacterial component which is not infectious. Moreover, the vaccines itself is inactivated; therefore it can be given alongside with other vaccines like flu.

Types of Pneumonia Shot

There are various types of vaccination available in the market and many scientific groups continue to do further research to invent more strong vaccines that provide protection from large number of serotypes.

                    Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPV23) provides protection against 23 serotypes

                    Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) provides protection against 13 serotypes

Who needs pneumonia shot?

If you fall into any of the below mentioned categories, then you may visit your health care provider and discuss about receiving the pneumonia shot.

                    Older Adults in age group of 65 years and above; need to get vaccinated if they are previously unvaccinated.

                    Individuals who smoke cigarettes should get vaccinated

                    Individuals (age between 2–64 years) with Chronic cardiovascular disease such as congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy

                    Individuals with Chronic pulmonary disease such as COPD, emphysema, asthma

                    Individuals with Diabetes mellitus, cochlear implant patients

                    Individuals with Chronic liver disease such as cirrhosis, alcoholic, or have a cerebrospinal fluid leak.

                    Individuals who are residents of Alaska Natives or certain American Indian populations

                    Individuals between 2–64 years and have functional or anatomic Asplenia

                    Individuals (age 2 years and older) with immune-compromised system due to HIV/AIDS infection, Hodgkin’s disease, generalized malignancy, chronic renal failure, leukaemia, etc. 

                    Individuals who are receiving immune-suppressive therapy

                    Individuals who had receive an organ or bone marrow transplant

Side Effects of Pneumonia Shot

The vaccines for pneumonia shot are very safe and produce very mild side effects if any.

Common side effects of pneumonia shot

                    Redness/rashness at the injection site

                    Mild Fever

                    Mild Pain

                    Pain in the muscles

Source of information for Pneumonia Shot

You may contact at the below mentioned address for getting the detailed information about any pneumonia shot, vaccines available, frequencies of doses, etc.

                    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

National Immunization Program

1600 Clifton Road NE

Atlanta, GA 30333

1-800-232-2522

                    American Lung Association

1740 Broadway

New York, NY 10019-4374

1-800-LUNG-USA

(1-800-586-4872)