Prostatitis is a non cancerous or benign disease of the prostate gland. It involves the inflammation of the prostate which is a gland which is found beneath the urinary bladder and encircles the urethra. It is located before the rectum, and a portion of this gland can be identified, during rectal examinations. This gland plays an important part in the reproductive systems of males.
Almost seventy per cent of the fluids which constitute semen consist of the secretions of this gland. Due to its location, a problem with the prostate gland generally results in urinary problems. The term Prostatitis covers a whole plethora of diseases associated with this gland.
There are four main types of Prostatitis:
- Acute bacterial
- Chronic bacterial
- Chronic Prostatitis which does not involve any infection
- Asymptomatic inflammatory type of Prostatitis
Some of those bacteria which cause infections of the bladder are responsible for Acute bacterial type of Prostatitis. It can also be sexually transmitted and the infection could spread through a person’s blood stream to his prostate gland.
The symptoms are chills, fever and trembling. There is also increased frequency and urgency in urination. Chronic bacterial type is a very rare form of Prostatitis and results from an existing bacterial infection already present in this gland. There are no symptoms other than bladder infection. Chronic Prostatitis is also known as chronic pelvic-pain syndrome.
Rectal, testicle or pelvic pain is recurrent but there is no infection. Ejaculation and urination may be painful and there could be erectile dysfunction. The causes have not been identified yet. Asymptomatic inflammatory type is as the name suggests. There are no symptoms at all and the causes have still not been identified.
This largely depends on the doctor, who has to carefully go through the patient’s medical history and do all kinds of tests. Urinalysis is conducted to determine the exact kind of Prostatitis. X-ray, computerized tomography and ultrasound testing might also be required.
The major part of treatment is based on antibiotics which are administered though the patient’s mouth. Doctors also prescribe pain killers, plenty of fluids and sufficient rest. For acute cases or a weak immune system, intravenous antibiotics along with specialized care will be required. Some of the antibiotics which are prescribed may be long term.
Doctors may also ask the patient to undergo relaxation therapy, depending upon the type of Prostatitis.