Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also known as NSAIDs. These are medications for reducing inflammation and relieving pain. They are very commonly used medicines in adults. One can find a variety of NSAIDs. At least 20 of them are found in the United States. NSAIDs are available very widely and hence it is very important to be well aware of their dose, potential side effects and proper use.
The right kind of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug must be chosen. As there is a wide range of NSAIDs available in the market, a person may find it difficult to choose the best one. In addition, it is very difficult to predict the response of a person to a particular NSAID. Even if the same drug is taken by two people, the effects of it may vary to a great extent. A drug must be tried for a few weeks.
For choosing the NSAID, one must consult a healthcare provider as he is the best person to suggest. A person can be assisted by him in his decision making process.
Working of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
These drugs work by reducing inflammation pain. Enzymes known as cyclooxygenases are inhibited. These help in producing prostaglandins. However this inhibition of cyclooxygenases also contributes to a great extent to the side effects of NSAIDs.
Types of NSAIDs
There are two major types of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These include the selective and non selective ones.
- Selective NSAIDs – the inhibition of COX enzymes are fount at sides of inflammation. It is more than that which is found in the blood platelets, stomach and blood vessels. They are very effective in relieving pain and reducing inflammation. There are less chances of causing gastrointestinal injury.
- Nonselective NSAIDs – the inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2 is done by the nonselective NSAIDs. They can be taken without prescription as well. The common drugs include ibuprofen, aspirin etc.