Herpes Simplex, which is commonly known as herpes is a kind of viral disease, which is caused by the virus called Herpes Simples (Type 1 & Type 2). Herpes can be of many types but the common ones are Oral Herpes (infection in the face of a person) and Genital Herpes (infection in the genitalia of a person). It is transmitted when the body fluid of an infected person comes in direct contact with a healthy individual.
Treatment of Herpes
There is really no treatment to completely eliminate the infection of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), because once the virus enters a body, it will always remain in an inactive form with the possibility of causing further infections.
There are medications that can reduce the frequency of the infections, their duration and the damage they cause.
Prophylactic treatment is important at the onset of outbreaks, so that it can quickly contribute to the recovery and stop anyone else from being infected.
Here are a few precautions that will help in the recovery:
- Keep the infected area clean.
- Do not touch the infected area and also avoid the least possible injury.
- Wash hands thoroughly before and after coming in contact with the lesions.
- In case of genital herpes, avoid sexual contact since your partner will be at the risk of being infected.
- In case of cold sores, avoid direct contact with other people, or else the infection may increase.
Herpes simplex usually responds to anti-viral drugs like acyclovir. It is even more effective acyclovir and valacyclovir oral tablets are very affective. A single dose of 4 tablets (500 mg each) should be enough to reduce the infection. If herpes simplex recurrences are common and affect your daily life, then you can take acyclovir or valacyclovir tablets orally every day to suppress the virus; it is known as suppressive therapy.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs. These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections. The infection could be caused by bacteria/parasite or virus.
Various viruses, bacteria and other micro organisms that are causes of STDs are stated below:
A) HIV: AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is caused by a virus that infects white blood cells of the body. It destroys a person’s immune system. During the initial phase, even if there are no symptoms and the blood test is negative, yet the person is highly infectious.
B) Herpes Infections: The herpes viruses cause various illnesses. Chicken pox and mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr) are examples of a herpes virus.
Cold Sores and Fever Blisters: These sores are infectious for at least three to four days until the sores begin to heal. Contact with the sores or any contaminated object can cause the virus to be transmitted.
Genital Herpes: Genital herpes is what causes genital warts. All warts are caused from a virus. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted wart. It is caused from having intercourse with someone who has genital herpes, or from having oral sex with someone with a cold sore.
C) Hepatitis Infections
There are several types of hepatitis; Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. You or food workers get the infections easily if do not wash hands properly after going to the washroom and then eat, by sexual contact or sharing needles by drug users or get infected blood. There is no treatment and cure, but there is a vaccine for prevention.
Abstinence or monogamous relations (always the same partner) with someone who is free of an STD will prevent transmission. Bacterial diseases are controlled by preventing transmission and by antibiotics. Otherwise, the use of a condom and avoidance of oral/genital contact is recommended.
Other Organisms that cause Sexually Transmitted Diseases
B) Fungi and Yeast
The full form of STD is sexually transmitted disease or also known as STI which mean sexually transmitted infections are those infections or diseases which is transferred from one person to another person through sexual contact. There are more than 25 diseases which can be transferred through sexual contact. The most sexually transmitted diseases after HIV are syphilis, genital herpes, hepatitis B, gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, Trichomoniasis, bacterial vaginosis and human papillomavirus.
Young adults and adolescents are those age groups which are at the greatest risk of contacting a sexually transmitted disease. Some sexually transmitted diseases have severe consequences on women if they are left untreated thus it is necessary to undergo STD test. Sexual transmission disease can be transferred from one partner to another through unprotected oral sex, oral anal sex, vaginal sex and anal sex.
Sexually transmitted diseases:
- Herpes Virus – Herpes is an STD which does not have cure at present. The symptoms of herpes virus are soars or blisters that occur in genitals periodically.
- Syphilis – There is treatment and cure of syphilis available in the market. Syphilis if left untreated can affect progress and growth of nervous system and brain which can lead to dementia or even death.
- Pubic Lice – Pubic lice is very common type of STD which is quite similar to head lice. The symptoms of pubic lice are severe itchy and the treatment for this STD is available.
- Hepatitis – There is no cure available in medical science for already infected person however there is a vaccine of Hepatitis B available in order to prevent the disease to spread. There is also a possibility of automatic wipe out of symptoms however there may be come people who can suffer from this disease for a prolong period.
- HIV/AIDS – This is one of the most feared sexually transmitted disease as many people suffering from HIV eventually progress to AIDS and then death however with new way of treatments an infected patient life can be increased.
- Trichomoniasis – This is also a common type of STD which is also curable however this disease is sometime mistaken as yeast infection leading to intake of wrong type of treatment.