The presence of blood in the urine or hematuria is a condition in which, the urine appears red because of the presence red corpuscles (red blood cells) in the urine. The presence of blood in the urine can be caused by problems in the kidney or diseases of the urinary tract (ureteres, urinary bladder, uretra). In the presence of blood in urine (pink color) must carry out a consultation with a urologist to rule out kidney tumors, bladder or prostate.
Why blood may appear in urine?
This may be due to multiple benign and malignant diseases. The most important causes of hematuria are:
- Bladder Tumors
- Ureteral or kidney stones
- Kidney tumors
- Prostate Diseases
- Idiopathic (no cause is found)
How serious is hematuria?
It is serious but, it depends on the disease that produces it. Thus, it is important that a person immediately seeks medical advice when blood appears in the urine, so that its root cause can be determined. The treatment of hematuria is purely dependant on diagnosis of its cause.
What should I do if my urine is pink?
You should see an urologist as he or she will tell you the appropriate tests to arrive at an accurate diagnosis and will treat the disease that causes the hematuria.
What tests will be conducted?
Urology institutes are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of hematuria. Initially they will give you a good history and physical examination. Depending on the findings of the tests, they will then prescribe a treatment which will help in curing the root cause of the disease.
In most cases make plain radiography, ultrasound and a blood and urine tests are enough to determine the causes of hematuria, but in certain cases, additional tests may be required.
How is hematuria treated?
Treatment depends on the cause or the disease that causes hematuria. If the tests indicate the presence of a tumor in the bladder, doctors must perform a procedure to remove the tumor through the passage of urine. It is called transurethral resection (TUR) and is performed under regional anesthesia and involves inserting a small device through the urethra to remove the tumor without open surgery.
If they discover a tumor in the kidney, the treatment option will be surgery. If the tumor is small they can remove the tumor and preserve the kidney. If your urine is pink, you should immediately consult an expert urologist.