Gout is also called as the podagra if the big toe is involved. This medical condition is usually characterized by attacks of inflammatory arthritis which are acute and recurrent. Inflammatory arthritis is a swollen, tender, hot and a red joint. The most commonly affected part is the metatarsal-phalangeal joint. It lies at the base of big toe. In more than 50 percent of the cases, the big toe is affected. It may also be present as kidney stones, urate nephropathy and tophi. The major cause of it can be the elevated levels of uric acid in blood. These get crystallized and then get deposited in tendons, surrounding tissues and tendons.
The doctor confirms the diagnosis of gout by visualizing the characteristic crystals in joint fluid. The treatment of it is done with steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or colchicine. These help to a great extent in improving the symptoms.
Once the acute attack subsides, the doctor lowers the levels of uric acid. This is done via lifestyle changes. This provides long term prevention for probenecid and allopurinol attacks. The frequency of gout has been increased considerably during the recent decades. More than two percent of the population is affected by it. The risk factors have been increased and this has led to the increase in gout. These risk factors include changes in diet, longer life expectancy and metabolic syndrome.
The historical name for gout is the “rich man’s disease” or the “disease of the kings.”. Gout can be presented in various ways. The most common is the recurrent attach of inflammatory arthritis. Metatarsal-phalangeal is the most commonly affected joint. Other affected joints may include wrists, heels, fingers and knees. This pain usually starts for 2 hours during the night. Thus the condition of gout is very serious and effective care must be taken.
Arthritis is the most common disease which goes hand in hand along with old age. Arthritis is mostly seen in people above 5o or 60 years of age. This is basically a disease which affects different joints of human body. The symptoms for arthritis disease are seen mostly in people above the age of 50 and it starts with joint pains and swelling. Arthritis today has affected millions of people for various other reasons. People suffering from arthritis indeed have a very miserable life because the pain is tremendous and it makes the person weak and pales. He is not able to work actively and feels like resting frequently.
Osteoarthritis is a very common type of arthritis which is seen in old age while there are some arthritis cases which start at a very early age. Other cases of arthritis are also seen in the age group of 20 years. This type of arthritics affects mostly the joints near hands, hips and spine. Arthritis is indeed very harmful and can have bad effect in the whole of the body. As stated earlier it affects joints where two or more bones meet. The main joint problems in arthritis include stiffness, pain, swelling etc. it weakens all the tissues and bones which makes the bones unstable and incapable to perform any work actively.
Arthritis can severely affect a person’s daily activities like walking, jogging, climbing stairs, brushing teeth i.e. wherever there is need for pressure the joint fail to perform all those duties. As severe case of arthritis is capable enough to damage the other internal parts of the body like lungs, heart, kidneys, blood vessels etc. but apart from all these parts it severely and majorly affects the muscles and bones in the body. Like osteoarthritis severe type of arthritis would be the rheumatoid arthritis. This arthritis badly affects the linings of the cell inside the joint which is called as synoyium. In this type too people suffer from pain and muscle joints, inflammation and impairment of joints.
Apart from the above mentioned types there are other types of arthritis too namely lupus, gout, psoriatic etc. all these types too have its own effect on the human body. The overall affect of arthritis is indeed very bad and those suffering from one must take immense care of themselves so that they don’t suffer and get trouble much.