Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria called, the gonococcus.

Transmission of gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a very common disease that is transmitted during sexual intercourse (whether vaginal or anal) or during oral sex. It is a highly contagious disease, but ejaculation is necessary for its transmission, as it only spread when a healthy person comes in contact with the genital mucosa of an infected person. It occurs in all geographic areas and social classes, but is more prevalent in large urban areas, social classes of low socio-economic status, people with a history of other sexually transmitted diseases, and with people who practice unprotected sex with unknown partners or change partners frequently.

The risk of acquiring gonorrhea is higher for women who have sex with an infected man, than vice versa.

Treatment of gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is easily and effectively treated by penicillin, tetracycline or other antibiotics in adequate doses (most treatments consist of a single dose of the antibiotic in adequate amount). It is important to remember that the treatment has to be applied to all the sexual contacts of the patient.

After applying the treatment, one would need to conduct a few tests, to confirm the cure of the infection.

Prevention of gonorrhea

The risk of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases is directly related to the number and frequency of changes of sexual partners. Therefore, the first step is to limit changing sexual partners. You must also know your partner’s sexual history to make sure that they do not have any STDs. The risk decreases with stable sex with a single partner.

The use of latex condoms reduces the chances of infection, although it should be taken into account, it will only be effective if used properly, placing it before the onset of sexual intercourse, and holding it until the end of intercourse.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through any type of sexual contact. STDs are sometimes referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) since they involve the transmission of a disease-causing organism from one person to another during sexual activity. It is important to realize that sexual contact includes more than just sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal).Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI).

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrheoae. Gonorrhea affects both men and women and can infect the cervix, urethra, rectum, anus and throat. Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Untreated, gonorrhea can also lead to infertility, meningitis and septicemia.

Causes

Anyone who has any type of sex can catch gonorrhea. The infection can be spread by contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus The risk for men who have sex with men is higher. The bacteria can even grow in the eyes. You are more likely to develop this infection if you:

  • Have multiple sexual partners
  • Have a partner with a past history of any sexually transmitted infection
  • Do not use a condom during sex
  • Abuse alcohol or illegal substances

Symptoms

Over 50% of infected women have no symptoms, especially in the early stages of the infection. Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 2 – 5 days after infection, however, in men, symptoms may take up to a month to appear. Some people do not have symptoms. In Women, A change in vaginal discharge; it may appear in abundance, change to a yellow or greenish color, and develop a strong smell. A burning sensation or pain whilst passing urine. Irritation and/or discharge from the anus. In Men, A white or yellow discharge from the penis. A burning sensation or pain whilst passing urine. Irritation and/or discharge from the anus.

Treatment

To test for gonorrhea an examination of the genital area will be carried out by a doctor or nurse and samples will be taken, using a cotton wool swab or sponge, from any infected areas – the cervix, urethra, anus or throat. Women will also be given an internal pelvic examination, similar to a smear test. A sample of urine may be taken. Treatment is easy and essential. The patient will be given an antibiotic in tablet, liquid or injection form.