Gonococcal arthritis is also known as disseminated gonococcal infection. It is usually the inflammation of joint which occurs due to gonorrhea infection. The causes and risk factors are many. It is an infection of joint. The occurrence of this is mainly found in people who have gonorrhea that is caused by bacteria. The bacterium is called as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. More than men, the women are affected. It is very common among adolescent girls who are sexually active.
There are two forms of gonococcal arthritis:
- In one form many joints and skin rashes are involved. The joints are usually large such as the ankle, wrist and knee.
- The second form involves the spread of bacteria through blood. This causes an infection of a single joint.
The symptoms of this arthritis include:
- Lower abdominal pain
- Joint pain
- Pain in wrists and hands owing to tendon inflammation
- Burning or pain during urination
- Pain in single joint
- Skin rashes are pinkish. They also contain pus sometimes.
It is necessary to get the blood cultures tested. These tests are done for checking whether there is gonorrhea infection. This also involves taking the samples of stool, tissues and joint fluids. These are then sent to the laboratory for examination under microscope. The tests include:
- Culture of joint aspirate
- Cervical gram stain
- Throat culture
- Joint fluid gram stain
- Urine test for gonorrhea
Proper treatment of gonorrhea infection is very essential. There are various aspects involved in the treatment of this infection. The first one involves curing the person. The second one involves the location and treatment of the infected person for preventing further spread of disease.