Bacteria belonging to the genus Chlamydia is one of the most widespread groups of microorganisms and prevalent as a cause of various infections, particularly genital tract, respiratory and eye irritation. Chlamydia trachomatis only causes infections in humans, while Chlamydia psittaci is found in birds and can occasionally infect people causing psittacosis.
What are the effects?
Chlamydia infections during pregnancy, such as endometritis, can cause abortions, or infection of the amniotic fluid and premature rupture of bag causing premature birth. The newborn may become infected at the time of delivery, while going through the birth canal, where the mother is infected. In these cases, it can also cause conjunctivitis, nasal pharyngitis or pneumonia in the baby.
What is the treatment?
The treatment is based on the administration of antibiotics, of which there are several options. The choice of antibiotic depends on the location of the disease, the condition of the patient and body type of the patient. Tetracyclines are effective but they are often not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation because they cross the placenta and accumulate in bone and teeth of the fetus or newborn.
In the same way quinolones (ofloxacin and difloxacin ciprofloxascina) are very effective but are used in reduced amount during pregnancy because they can cause cartilage lesions. Macrolides, erythromycin, roxithromycin and clarithromycin are effective against the bacteria and can be used during pregnancy, lactation and the neonatal period, they are not known to have any severe side effects.
In all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), it has been observed that preventing the disease is always a better and easier option that trying to cure it. The same rule applies to Chlamydia infections as well. Women should avoid unprotected sex, sex with multiple partners simultaneously and should take care of their hygiene, in order to prevent the occurrence of this disease.
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection disease transmitted when people have sexual relations. Chlamydia is a disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is most commonly sexually transmitted. Mostly it is found among, young adults, people living in urban areas, people with lower social and economic status.
Causes of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Sexually active individuals and individuals with multiple partners are at highest risk. This can be transmitted in two ways:
- Sexual interactions through oral, anal or vaginal
- Mother to child during birth through birth canal
Symptoms of chlamydia infection may depend on gender. As many as 1 in 4 men with chlamydia have no symptoms. In men, chlamydia may produce symptoms similar to gonorrhea.
Symptoms include in men:
- In infected men no symptoms range from 25% to 50%.
- Discharge from the penis
- During urination, pain and burning
- Testicular tenderness or pain
Symptoms included in women:
- Only 30% of women have symptoms of this disease
- Bleeding after sexual relations
- Pain in lower abdominal and during urination
- Discharge from the vagina.
- Pain during sexual intercourse
This can be diagnosed by some examinations and tests advised by a doctor. The diagnosis of chlamydia infection involves sampling of the urethral discharge in males or cervical secretions in females. If an individual engages in anal sexual contact, samples from the rectum may also be needed. The sample is sent for a fluorescent or monoclonal antibody test, DNA probe test, or cell culture. Some of these tests may also be performed on urine samples. Tenderness for women in the area of the sex organs, pus from the vagina or penis, and fever could indicate an infection. Some diagnostic tests may include obtaining cultures or sending urine to the laboratory to determine if you are infected.
The usual treatment for chlamydia is antibiotics, including tetracyclines, azithromycin, or erythromycin. Sexual partners must be treated to prevent passing the infection back and forth. There is no significant immunity following the infection and a person may become repeatedly infected.