Once you get discharged from the hospital after being treated with Pneumonia, you may continue with your treatment and make quick recovery at your home. The treatment at hospital improves the symptoms like fever and breathing; and patients receive enough liquids and nutrition.

Self Care at Home

At home, patients will still have few symptoms of pneumonia and thus it is crucial to practise proper self care for making speedy recovery.

It takes time to recover completely and resume all the normal activities. Usually the symptoms get better over a period of few weeks.

Coughing: Get better over one to 2 weeks

Sleeping and eating: One week for normal level

Energy level: 2 weeks or more for normal level

Useful Tips for Self Care in Pneumonia

                    Take time to resume your normal activities and do not rush to take any workload immediately after returning home.

                    Practise chest therapy at home to improve breathing and loosening mucus. The warm and moist (wet) air helps in breathing easily.

                    Keep a warm and wet piece of cloth over your face. Breathe in the warm mist after filling a humidifier with warm water.

                    Practise deep breathing regularly as it will help in opening up the lungs for easy breathing. Also follow it up with deep coughing as it cleans up the airways.

                    Lie on your bed with your head lower than chest and slowly tap your chest couple of time. This will help in expelling mucus from the lungs.

                    In case you have a habit of smoking any tobacco products, you should stop it completely.

                    You should drink plenty of liquids, fluids, water, juice, or weak tea. Avoid Alcohol completely.

                    Take plenty of rest at home and try to sleep in day time in case you have trouble sleeping at night.

Medicines

                    Don’t forget to take your prescribed medicines on time. Even if you feel the marked improvement in the symptoms, you should complete the entire dose of antibiotics.

                    Always consult a doctor before taking any cough medicine or cold medicine.

 

                    If you feel mild pain, then consult your doctor as he/she may prescribe acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen for treating mild fever or pain.

                    If you feel severe pain then do not take any strong medicine by yourself and get in touch with your health care provider immediately.

                    Try to keep away from infections and receive a flu shot every year. You can also discuss with your doctor in case you require a pneumonia vaccine.

                    Maintain strict basic hygiene. Wash your hands frequently to avoid getting any infection.

                    Try to avoid going to crowded places and avoid contact with infected or sick people.

Going Home with Oxygen

In some cases you may continue to take oxygen at your home. In such conditions, you should exercise precautionary measures.

                    Don’t make any changes in the level of oxygen flowing without consulting with your health care provider.

                    Always keep a back-up of oxygen supply at home. Avoid smoking or keeping any fire source near the oxygen tank.

                    Save the mobile number/landline number of your Oxygen Suppliers in your contacts. Also, write down the numbers in your diary.

 

Streptococcus Pneumoniae is responsible for causing pneumonia in vast majority of the population. This notorious bacterium not only infects the upper respiratory tract but also spread to the other organs of the body such as blood, lungs, or nervous system.

Pneumonia caused by Streptococcus Pneumoniae is known as Pneumococcal Pneumonia.

Risk Factors of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

There are certain individuals who are at high risk for Pneumococcal Pneumonia.

                    Children younger than 5 years

                    Old and adults above 65 years of age

                    Individuals with associated medical conditions like chronic heart, lung, or liver diseases

                    Individuals with sickle cell anaemia

                    People with HIV/AIDS

                    Individuals with organ transplants

                    Individuals who take immune-compromising medications

Causes of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

The Pneumococcal Pneumonia is caused by wide range of infectious agents including viruses, bacteria, and even fungi.

                    Streptococcus pneumoniae

Transmission of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

You should be aware of various ways by which Pneumococcal Pneumonia can be transmitted.

                    By getting in touch with sick people

                    By individuals who carry bacteria in their throat

                    By respiratory droplets from the nose/mouth of infected person

                    From children who carry bacteria in their throats

Symptoms of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

The onset of the symptoms of Pneumococcal pneumonia is immediate when the patient experiences severe shaking chill followed by common symptoms of Pneumonia.

                    High fever

                    Pain in the chest

                    Breathe Shortness

                    Cough

                    Rapid breathing

Other symptoms includes Nausea, Muscle aches, Headache, Tiredness and Vomiting.

Diagnosis of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

The diagnostic tests for Pneumococcal Pneumonia include the following.

                    Physical exam

                    Laboratory  tests

                    Chest x-ray

                    Blood Test

                    Saliva Test

                    Lung fluid Test

Treatment of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

The treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia is done by using antibiotics and patients can get symptomatic improvement within 12 to 36 hours after taking medicine.

                    Patient is asked to drink plenty of fluids including juices, water, tea, lemonade, etc.

                    Oxygen is usually used in hospitalised patient with breathing problems

                    Use of humidified air helps in loosening the mucus

                    Patient may take aspirin, NSAIDs, for controlling fever. However, Aspirin should not be given to children.

                    Patient is advised to take plenty of rest.

                    Chest therapy is used for loosening the mucus so that it can be expelled out by deep coughing.

Complications of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

The complications of Pneumococcal Pneumonia lead to the following severe conditions.

                    Bacteraemia

                    Lung problems

                    Heart problems

Prevention of Pneumococcal Pneumonia

The prevention of Pneumococcal Pneumonia can be done by taking care of following points.

                    Practice a healthy lifestyle

                    Avoid smoking

                    Avoid contact with infected people

                    Maintain good hygiene

                    Avoid contact with people infected with measles or chickenpox

                    Vaccinations