How to do Self Care for Adults in Pneumonia?

Once you get discharged from the hospital after being treated with Pneumonia, you may continue with your treatment and make quick recovery at your home. The treatment at hospital improves the symptoms like fever and breathing; and patients receive enough liquids and nutrition.

Self Care at Home

At home, patients will still have few symptoms of pneumonia and thus it is crucial to practise proper self care for making speedy recovery.

It takes time to recover completely and resume all the normal activities. Usually the symptoms get better over a period of few weeks.

Coughing: Get better over one to 2 weeks

Sleeping and eating: One week for normal level

Energy level: 2 weeks or more for normal level

Useful Tips for Self Care in Pneumonia

                    Take time to resume your normal activities and do not rush to take any workload immediately after returning home.

                    Practise chest therapy at home to improve breathing and loosening mucus. The warm and moist (wet) air helps in breathing easily.

                    Keep a warm and wet piece of cloth over your face. Breathe in the warm mist after filling a humidifier with warm water.

                    Practise deep breathing regularly as it will help in opening up the lungs for easy breathing. Also follow it up with deep coughing as it cleans up the airways.

                    Lie on your bed with your head lower than chest and slowly tap your chest couple of time. This will help in expelling mucus from the lungs.

                    In case you have a habit of smoking any tobacco products, you should stop it completely.

                    You should drink plenty of liquids, fluids, water, juice, or weak tea. Avoid Alcohol completely.

                    Take plenty of rest at home and try to sleep in day time in case you have trouble sleeping at night.


                    Don’t forget to take your prescribed medicines on time. Even if you feel the marked improvement in the symptoms, you should complete the entire dose of antibiotics.

                    Always consult a doctor before taking any cough medicine or cold medicine.


                    If you feel mild pain, then consult your doctor as he/she may prescribe acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen for treating mild fever or pain.

                    If you feel severe pain then do not take any strong medicine by yourself and get in touch with your health care provider immediately.

                    Try to keep away from infections and receive a flu shot every year. You can also discuss with your doctor in case you require a pneumonia vaccine.

                    Maintain strict basic hygiene. Wash your hands frequently to avoid getting any infection.

                    Try to avoid going to crowded places and avoid contact with infected or sick people.

Going Home with Oxygen

In some cases you may continue to take oxygen at your home. In such conditions, you should exercise precautionary measures.

                    Don’t make any changes in the level of oxygen flowing without consulting with your health care provider.

                    Always keep a back-up of oxygen supply at home. Avoid smoking or keeping any fire source near the oxygen tank.

                    Save the mobile number/landline number of your Oxygen Suppliers in your contacts. Also, write down the numbers in your diary.