This kind of syndrome is often observed due to formation of fibrous tissue in the thyroid gland. These tissues eventually damage the gland and make matters worse for the patient. Riedel Sydrome can take place at any time or at any age. It is again predominantly observed in women more than men.
Some of the common symptoms include acute pain, hoarseness, difficulty in breathing, extracervical fibrosclerosis, enlarged thyroid, dry skin, pale skin, thick thyroid, lethargy, weakness, constipation, fever, joint pain, depression, facial swelling, menstrual bleeding, muscle stiffness, weight gain and some more.
All these symptoms are further visible in patients suffering from hypothyroidism as well as Hashimoto syndrome. The symptoms further lead to complications such as goitre, thyroditis, stridor, nevk stiffness, dysphonia, dysphagia and laryngeal nerve palsy etc. It rarely affects hyperthyroid patients and is seen most in hypothyroidism patients. It is also called wood thyroiditis as it is a rare inflammatory disease. This kind of problem is also rare in children.
Also in case of riedel’s thyroditis, iodine uptake is either decreased or reduced completely. However, some patients do show symptoms or characteristics of Hashimoto’s thyroditis or some levels of antimicrosomal antibodies.
Research has still not found a complete solution to this kind of disorder. The patient needs to be alert in case he or she is a hypothyroid sufferer as an early diagnosis will eventually lead to an early recovery or treatment. Most often therapy includes medications like surgery, drugs like Tamoxifen. All these methods might help to reduce the pain and symptoms.
The surgery called Isthmectomy is also highly recommended for a riedel’s syndrome. Most causes for Riedel’s thyroditis is still unknown but quite a few studies did prove that autoimmune medical history of patients was the core reason behind these anti-bodies. Most often a post-surgery relates to further diagnosis of thyroditis under the microscope which builds up immunohistochemical studies.
If you know someone suffering from the above problem, you should ensure he or she is diagnosed properly. Mostly, patients would find intense pain to carry daily activities and hence helping them would be an additional advantage. It is always best to give the patient necessary attention and time to understand the disease and face the symptoms positively. A complete research of this disorder can be found on the net. A thorough reading would be great and essential.