Rheumatoid arthritis is a systematic and a chronic inflammatory disorder. The organs and tissues may be affected by this condition. Mainly, the synovial joints are attacked. An inflammatory response is produced in the process. There is lot of synovial fluid and a pannus is developed in the synovium. The ankylosis of joints and articular cartilage are destructed by the pathology of this disease.
Diffuse inflammation can also be produced in the pleura, pericardium, sclera and lungs. The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. However, a pivotal role is played by the auto immunity in progression as well as chronicity. Thus, rheumatoid arthritis is considered to be a systematic autoimmune disease.
This condition affects approximately 1 percent of the population. It affects the women three times more than that of men. This condition is very frequent among the age groups of 40 and 50. However, people of all age groups are likely to get affected. The condition is very painful and disabling. This can lead to substantial loss of mobility and functioning if adequate treatment is not done.
The doctor diagnoses the condition on the basis of radiographs, labs, physical exam and symptoms. The rheumatologist performs long term management and diagnosis. He is very expert in bone and joint diseases.
One can choose from various treatments. There are certain non-pharmacological treatments as well. These include orthoses and physical therapy. sometimes nutritional therapy and occupational therapy may also be suggested. Sometimes, the doctor may give anti-inflammatory drugs as well as painkillers including steroids. These are used for the suppression of symptoms.
This help in preventing the long term damage and help in halting the immune process. There has been an emergence of newer groups of biologics. Therefore the treatment options have also increased. Thus effective treatment must be taken.