Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections.

If your sexual life and present symptoms suggest that you have a Sexually Transmitted Infection, you must go for laboratory tests that can identify the cause and detect co infections you might also have contracted.

There are treatments to treat the diseases related to Sexually Transmitted Infections, but the best way is to take the preventive measures and stay away from these dreadful diseases. There are several ways to avoid or reduce your risk of sexually transmitted infections.

  • The most effective way to avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases is to abstain from sex.
  • Stay with one uninfected partner. One should practice to stay in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who is not infected.
  • Avoid anonymous sex. It may increase your risk of possible exposure to an Sexually Transmitted Infection.
  • Before any serious sexual contact, communicate with your partner about practicing safer sex.
  • Get vaccinated. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is effective in preventing certain types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent two viral STIs that can cause cancer — human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B. The HPV vaccine is recommended for all girls between ages 9 and 26, and the hepatitis B vaccine is usually given to newborns.
  • Avoid vaginal and anal intercourse with new partners. Use a latex condom or dental dam to prevent direct contact between the oral and genital mucosa.
  • Use a new latex condom for each sex act, whether oral, vaginal or anal.
  • Do not indulge in sexual act under the influence alcohol or drugs.
  • Teach your child and make them aware of the do’s and dont’s.   While you can’t control your teen or preteen’s actions, you can help your child understand the risks of sexual activity and that it’s advisable to wait to have sex. Sex education in schools will also help our children to understand the pros and cons of the issue.