Anemia as we all know is a condition that arises when the body does not have the sufficient count of Red Blood Cells or RBC. These cells are very important as they carry oxygen from lungs to different parts of the body. Hence, prevention of anemia is a very important consideration. However, not all types of Anemia are preventable. But the types of Anemia that are caused due to deficiency can be prevented in the following ways.
An important way to ensure that the RBC count does not go down is to have a proper diet with a good iron and vitamin-c content. To avoid iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemia the diet should include a variety of vitamins and nutrients, including:
- Iron: Some of the food items that are Iron-rich are animal proteins, beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables as well as dried fruit.
- Foliate: It can be found in citrus fruits and juices, bananas, dark green leafy vegetables, legumes. While its synthetic form, folic acid can be found in fortified breads, cereals and pasta.
- Vitamin B-12: A vitamin that is found in meat and dairy products. But sometimes it is also added to cereals and soya products, such as soya milk.
- Vitamin C: Citrus fruits, melons and berries are the food items rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C is a very important as it helps in increasing iron absorption.
For the inherited Anemia the best way is to go for genetic counseling. If your family has history of an inherited anemia, such as sickle cell anemia, talk to your doctor and possibly a genetic counselor about your risk and what risks you may pass on to your children.
Another thing that is important beside diet is that one should have a sound sleep which relaxes the body organs and increase the strength of the human body. Also one can do the yoga as well as the exercise, as it helps producing the good numbers of RBC in the human body.
Along with this, to safe guard the human body you need to changes habits like drinking and smoking as it destroys the good carrier of the white blood cell in the body.
One should also avoid caffeine as it also one of the causes of anemia. If you’re working at night or involves night shifts then you need to change this and if its unavoidable then you have to go for regular checkups and take the proper advise from the doctor and follow the same.