Thyroid glands have an important role to play in a human body. They look like a butterfly but posses properties that is more important than a brain. They are located below the Adam’s apple in the neck. The main job of a thyroid gland is to secrete hormones into the body.
However, when there is an imbalance in the secretion of hormone it results in hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Sometimes when things get worse it also leads to thyroid cancer. Thyroid glands help in the metabolic activities of human beings.
The thyroid cancer is actually more common in women than men. Basically there are four kinds of thyroid cancer. Firstly you have the papillary cancer followed by medullary, follicular and finally anaplastic thyroids. Nearly 80% of thyroid patients suffer from papillary thyroid cancer. In case of papillary thyroid cancer the nodules gets obstructed or stuck in the neck and slowly moves to the other parts of the body. They grow at a slow rate but move quickly once formed in bunches. The rate at which thyroid gets treated is also highly common and in larger numbers in young adults and kids.
The main cause for a thyroid cancer is still unknown however certain risks are often identifiable. Some of the major reasons include family history of goiter, hereditary symptoms, exposure to radioactive elements and sun. The person who receives maximum radiation is often subject to thyroid at a very early stage during the childhood days. This might take another couple of years to fully transform into cancer.
The common symptoms of cancer include stiff neck, breathing problems, lump in the neck, vocal changes, swollen neck etc. Only a CEA test, PET scan, ultrasound test and X-rays will justify the real reason for such a problem. Sometimes doctors would definitely recommend a surgery or chemotherapy sessions to reduce the impact of cancer cells and to destroy them. Radioactive iodine treatments are also efficient for treating thyroid cancers.
You can always educate yourself about the various kinds of thyroid cancer and help patients or friends during their recovery stage either emotionally or mentally.