Mono transmission means to be a form of disease which tells that how fast a disease can spread and how we can control it over the strategy. There are many ways of mono transmission.
- Mononucleosis virus is transmitted from person-to-person contact. Saliva is the primary method of transmitting mono.
- Infectious mono develops by closely kissing hence it is called “kissing disease” so prevalent form of transmission among teenagers.
- People who have already been infected with the virus that causes mono — Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) probably won’t get re infected because they develop immunity. Although it is possible for the virus to “reactivate,” it is not because of someone infects all over again. It is because in rare cases the original virus can flare up and cause symptoms a second time.
- Infected person can also pass the mono by coughing or sneezing, causing small droplets of infected saliva and/or mucus which can be inhaled by others in the air.
- Mono can also be transmitted from one person to another by sharing food or beverages from the same container or utensil and even things like lip gloss, lipstick, or lip balm since contact with infected saliva may result.
- Most people have been exposed to the virus as children, and as a result of the exposure, they have developed immunity to the virus. It is of note that most people who are exposed to the EBV don’t ever develop mono. The incubation period for mono, meaning the time from the initial viral infection until the appearance of symptoms, is between four and six weeks. During an infection, a person is likely able to transmit the virus to others for at least a few weeks. Since it takes about 4 to 6 weeks for symptoms to appear an infected person can spread the virus without even knowing it.
- The people, who have had mono and have recovered, will continue to exude the EBV in their saliva for years due to periodic “reactivations” of the viral infection. Since healthy people without symptoms also secrete the virus during reactivation incidents throughout their lifetime, isolation of people infected with EBV is not necessary. It is currently believed that these healthy people, who nevertheless secrete EBV particles, are the primary reservoir for transmission of EBV among humans.
- Indications of the mono kissing disease (mono / glandular fever) usually leave within 1 or 2 months. But as a carrier of the EBV (like most of the population) it will take the EBV for the rest of the life (the EBV will remain latent or dormant in the body).