Infectious Mononucleosis, more commonly known as Mono, is a viral illness characterized by flu-like symptoms, fatigue and swollen lymph glands. Infectious mononucleosis, does not only affect teens or young adults. Young children can also suffer from this illness, which is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. So it’s important to watch for signs and symptoms of mono in children.
Mono cannot be easily diagnosed in children as they might don’t show at all or they can be mistaken as cold or flu. This virus does not make children as sick as it does teens and adults.
For diagnosing it in children some times create a problem in children under 4 as if they are infected then also they shoe it negative. In order for a child to be properly diagnosed, the attending physician must perform a physical exam, which will determine if the child has the symptoms denoting mononucleosis .Once a child acquires EBV, she will have it forever, even after she recovers.
The virus may reactivate, but she won’t get mono again; she will pass it on to others. Children who are infected may feel tiredness and can have a fever and it follows a sore throat. Some time it may found swelling in glands in the neck and other places with fever and tiredness.
Enlarged spleen, rashes, abdominal pain or a runny nose are common symptoms of the disease found in children. Alone or in combination with one another, these signs could indicate that your child is suffering from mono. If you expect that you or your child may have mononucleosis, consult your doctor. Based on your symptoms, and some basic lab work, your doctor should be able to diagnose mono rather quickly. Always follow the advice from your physician.
Modern medicine is totally powerless against viral infections like mononucleosis. Fortunately, most cases are mild. The patient must stay in bed for a few days and not return to work or school too soon.
The main concern for parents of children with mononucleosis is to keep the child resting until he or she fully recovers from the illness. Parents should also be aware of the symptoms of more serious complications of the liver and spleen, and should seek medical attention for a child who complains of severe abdominal pain, light-headedness, rapid heartbeat, or difficulty breathing.
Do take care of your child’s physical needs during his bout with mononucleosis and provided him with interesting activities that won’t wear him out. Still, it’s important for you, the parent, to take time out of your busy schedule to spend quality time with your sick child. A parent’s nearness is always reassuring and such comfort during time of illness can be a factor in the speed with which your child recovers from this debilitating virus.
The sore throat and dehydration that usually accompany mononucleosis may be relieved by drinking water and fruit juices. Gargling salt water or taking throat lozenges may also relieve discomfort. In addition, taking over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, may relieve symptoms.
Although there is no way to avoid becoming infected with EBV, paying general attention to good hygiene and avoiding sharing beverage glasses or having close contact with people who have mononucleosis or cold symptoms can help prevent infection.