Mono (Mononucleosis) Complications

Mono is known as “Mononucleosis” is a type of infectious viral responsible for fever, soar throat and enlarged lymphs. Further to that, there are many complications and risk factors that are associated with this health condition.

Common complications for mononucleosis are noted down as under:

  • Mild inflammation of the liver, or hepatitis.
  • An enlarged spleen occurs in mono. Mono develops traumatic rupture of the spleen. Symptoms of this are a severe pain in the left upper abdomen, suddenly.
  • Swelling in the throat and tonsils obstructs airway passage, bleeding due to decrease rate of clotting of blood, anemia, and heart burn.
  • A rare complication of mono is obstruction in breathing due to swollen throat.
  • A decrease inn number of platelets in the blood (thrombocytopenia).
  • Decrease in number of neutrophils (white blood cell (WBC) that helps fight against infection).
  • Hepatitis occurrence in patient not to consider as serious.

There are some rare complications need to be cured must as soon as possible. These rare complications affect the patient severly. Some of these complications are short listed bellow:

•           Hemolytic anemia (destruction of red blood cells).

•           Pericarditis (inflammation of sac around heart and its neighbouring

•           muscles)

•           Myocarditis (heart muscle)

•           Encephalitis (Brain and its constituent muscles)

•           Spleen rupturation

•           Spinal chord disturbance

•           Problems related to cardiac

•           Lymphatic cancer (Burkitt’s lymphoma)

•           Cancer of throat

•           Cancer in nose

EBV is assisted with some types of cancers, most commonly “lymphomas”. Victims are oftenly those people whose immune systems have been compromised due to disease or immune suppressive drugs. EBV infection has also been found to be associated with two types of cancer:

•           Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (cancer of the pharynx and nose)

•           Burkitt’s lymphoma of the jaw among children.