Mono And Mumps – Transmission, Symptoms, Complications


Mononucleosis or mono is a viral disease that affects certain blood cells. It gets its name “mononucleosis” as it refers to the increase of mononuclear cells (white blood cells). The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes mono and it is a member of the herpes virus family. Most cases of mononucleosis occur sporadically.

Transmission of Mono

The virus that causes mononucleosis is spread by

  • Person-to-person contact
  • Through saliva on hands or toys
  • By kissing


Mumps is also an infectious disease that causes the salivary glands in the cheeks and under the jaw to swell. The mumps last for about 10 to 12 days. It takes about a week for the swelling to disappear.

However unlike mono, Mumps was a common illness until the mumps vaccine was licensed in 1967. Most children are immunized against mumps at 15 months of age and when they enter kindergarten.

Transmission of Mumps

Mumps is transmitted through inhaling infected droplets such as from a sneeze or cough.

Now let us discuss the symptoms of the two diseases.

Symptoms of Mono

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Enlargement of lymph nodes
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Nausea
  • Hepatitis
  • Jaundice
  • Headache
  • Stiffness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sore muscles
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing

Symptoms of Mumps

  • Headache,
  • Fever,
  • Ear ache,
  • Problems swallowing,
  • Pain when chewing,
  • Swelling of the glands in front of the ear and under the lines of the jaw

Complication of Mono

  • Dehydration
  • Blood disorders
  • Neurological and psychological problems
  • Rupture of the spleen

Complications of Mumps

  • Deafness,
  • Meningitis
  • Swelling of the testicles or ovaries (if mumps occurs after puberty) will occur

To conclude both these diseases are caused due to viral infections but are mostly non fatal and rest is the best treatment for them.