Anemia is a condition in which one has less number of red blood cells to carry sufficient oxygen to the tissues of human body. As a result the person gets tired soon. There are many types of anemia each with its different cause .Anemia can be temporary or long term and may range from mild to severe.
The various types of Anemia and its treatment are:-
Anemia caused due to Iron deficiency: This type of Anemia is treated with dietary and iron supplements. If the loss of blood is reason for the iron deficiency anemia apart from menstruation then the source of blood loss must be diagnosed and stopped. It can involve surgery apart from medication.
Anemia caused due to Vitamin deficiency: Folic acid supplements can be given to people suffering from folic acid deficiency anemia. If the digestive system is not able to absorb vitamin B-12 from the food which is taken usually by people then they may have to go for vitamin B-12 injections.
Anemia caused due to chronic disease: There is no particular treatment for the above type of anemia. The main focus of doctors is treatment of diagnosed disease. If symptoms of the chronic disease become severe then injections of synthetic erythropoietin (a hormone normally produced by kidneys) or blood transfusion may help to accelerate production of red blood cells and decreased fatigue.
Aplastic Anemia: Treatment for this type of anemia involves transfusion of blood to enhance red blood cells production. If you bone marrow is diseased and can’t generate healthy blood cells then you may go for bone marrow transplant.
Bone marrow disease leading to anemia: Treatment for above disease includes simple medication and chemotherapy (in case of cancer) and sometimes may require transplantation of bone marrow.
Anemia caused due to Hemolytic: Depending on the nature of anemia, blood transfusion or plasmaphresis (This technique involves filtration of blood) may be required. Hemolytic anemia can be managed by proper treatment of infections and avoidance of drugs that suppress our immune system. Treatment which includes steroids or medications can help suppress our immune systems attack on RBCs.
Anemia due to sickle cells (or Sickle cell anemia): A drug named as Hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea) can be used to treat sickle cell anemia. Transplantation of bone marrow can be a effective treatment in severe conditions related to this type of anemia. Treatment includes drugs, oxygen administration, oral fluids and injections to decrease pain and prevent further complications. Folic acid supplements, antibiotics and transfusion of blood can be prescribed be doctors.