Liver disease is also called as hepatic disease. The disturbance of liver function that causes ailments is called as liver disease. The loss of those functions can cause severe damage to the parts of the body .But as you know the liver is responsible for many critical functions required for body to work and if the body becomes diseased or injured then it can cause harm to the body.
More than 75% of liver tissues get affected before decrease in function occurs. The liver makes and secretes bile and is the biggest organ in the body and is called a gland because of its secretion nature. The liver is made up of two lobes which consist of tiny lobules. It is protected by the rib cage and is located in the upper right part of the abdominal region. The cells of liver has two different sources of blood supply .one is hepatic artery that supplies rich blood containing oxygen that is pumped from the heart while the portal vein supplies nutrients from the spleen and intestine.
The portal vein also sends the chemicals and proteins that cell of liver needs in the production of proteins, cholesterol and glycogen necessary for normal activities of body. The veins return blood from the heart but the portal veins allows chemicals from digestive system to enter the liver for detoxification and filtration is also done before making entrance for general circulation.
The many functions of liver are:
- The liver secretes bile juice that is required in the digestion of food specially fats.
- It helps in blood clotting.
- Extra glucose in the body is converted into glycogen and is stored in liver and gets converted into glucose when the need of the body arises.
- It is used to produce amino acids which are the building blocks for making proteins including those used to fight infection in the body.
- The storage and processing of iron required for production of red blood cells (RBCs).
- The liver manufactures cholesterol and chemicals necessary for transportation of fat.