Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis. It may start with a spiking fever, an explainable rash or a swollen knuckle. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is very prevalent and very common. About 50,000 children are affected by it in the United States.
The exact cause of juvenile arthritis is not yet known. It is indicated by research that it is an auto immune disease. The ability of telling the difference between harmful invaders and healthy cells is lost by the white blood cells. The body is protected by the immune system against harmful invaders. However, in this condition, such chemicals are released by it which damages the healthy tissues. A lot of pain and inflammation is caused.
For minimizing the effects of arthritis and effectively managing it, an accurate and early diagnosis is very important. The characteristics and symptoms of each should be very well understood. This can help the child in maintaining a productive and an active lifestyle.
The appearance of this condition is found in the kids between the age of 6 months to 16 years. The first signs are swelling and joint pain. If more number of joints are affected, the disease is more severe.
There are three main types of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis:
Oligoarticular juvenile arthritis
In this only fewer joints are affected. The symptoms include stiffness, swelling in joints and pain. The most commonly affected are the wrist and knee joints. There can also be an occurance of inflammation of iris.
Girls are more affected than boys in this type of arthritis. Symptoms include pain and swelling in 5 or more joints. The weight-bearing as well as small joints of hands are affected. These include the joints of the hips, knees, ankles, neck and feet.
Systematic juvenile arthritis
The whole body is affected by it. The most common symptom is high fever in the evenings. The children feel very ill. Sometimes, a rash may also be developed.