A joint replacement surgery is taken into consideration when severe damage is caused to the bones, joints and surrounding tissues and muscles. It is recommended to patients only when all other treatment options do not work. The last resort after the increase in pain is surgical intervention. All the movements are also restricted.
Many a times the joints are worn away due to age. They also experience inflammation due to trauma, injuries, stress, and stiffness. These conditions are very natural. However, the problems worsen over a period of time. At such times, surgery is the only option. Only a doctor suggests whether joint replacement surgery is required or not. Typically, alternative methods are tried by doctors such as aids and braces. However, if a lot of pain and restriction of movement is there, surgery is recommended.
In the joint replacement surgery, there is a replacement of damaged joints with an artificial joint or prosthesis. The artificial joints are made with metal or plastic. Then they inserted into an area where the growth of a new bone can take place. In older people, the cementing of new joints is done. Cementing is not done in younger people as they are very active. Joint replacement surgery has become very common and highly successful. The pain will be reduced after the replacement of inflamed joint. The mobility also increases after that. Thus, the quality of life improves to a great extent. The most popular areas for surgery are the elbows, ankles, fingers and shoulders. The life span of the new joint is around 15 years.
The proper positioning of the new joint is very essential in joint replacement surgery. This can ensure quick wear and tear of new joints. If the alignment is poor, the new joint can loosen. Therefore, maximum care is taken by the surgeons for ensuring correct positioning.