Iron deficiency is medically known as Sideroperia or Hypoferrenia. Iron is present in all cells in the human body and performs vital functions. For example it acts as a carrier of oxygen. Along with this it is also a medium for transporting electrons and is an integral part of enzyme reactions in various tissues.
So, deficiency of iron can hamper these important functions and can even lead to premature death. During a day iron present in the body gets consumed and when the loss of iron is not properly compensated by adequate intake of iron from the diet, a state of iron deficiency develops and when this condition is not checked, it leads to a condition that is known as iron deficiency anemia.
Some of the common causes of iron deficiency are
- Chronic bleeding
- Lack of nutrition
- Inadequate intake of dietary iron
- Malabsorption syndrome
- Excessive blood donation
Some common signs and symptoms of iron deficiency are:
- Hair loss
- Low immunity
Iron deficiency can have serious health consequences and it should not be ignored. In iron deficiency anemia what happens is that a very important component of blood hemoglobin cannot be formed as it contains iron. To prevent this condition one should have a proper intake of dietary iron and food.