Mono or infectious mononucleosis is a kind of infection which occurs in human body due to a virus that is called as Epstein-Barr. This virus is invented through saliva, so a name is here indicating it as “kissing disease”. This disease often happens in teenagers, mostly between 15 to 17 years of age. Well however anybody can get this disease at any phase of age.
Some symptoms to this disease are as:
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Sore muscles
- Skin rash
What are the causes?
The virus that is responsible for causing mono is found almost everywhere and is affecting people around the globe. It is believed that almost 80 to 90% of the people have been infected by this virus at some point or the other in their lives. The infection produces antibodies that are at a later stage found in the blood of the infected people.
How mono spreads?
This disease has a weird way to spread. This spreads via kissing and coughing, sneezing and by being in contact with any kind of saliva (which is affected by this disease before). It can be spread by being in direct contact of patients. Like if you are using utensils and straws of patient until he/she has been affected with someone who is healthy person.
How is mono diagnosed?
Diagnosis of mono symptoms is mainly done through blood tests like monospot and heterophile antibody tests. The test basically works on the body’s immune system that produces measurable antibodies to fight the infecting virus.
How is mono treated?
There is no specific treatment for mono. The diseases like viral fever passes by in its own defined time course. However, there are medications prescribed by doctors to relieve the symptoms of mono.