Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy

Hypothyroidism is most common amongst woman during the early stages of pregnancy. This is caused due to deficiency in hormone secretion. Most importantly, this particular disorder causes menstrual problems, loss of periods, irregularity etc.

Once hypothyroidism becomes serious, it also curbs in the process of fertility. The woman has less chances of getting pregnant. In case of early detection an underactive thyroid will easily be treated with the help of either a hormone replacement or with iodine therapy. Most of the symptoms of thyroid get often confused and mixed with pregnancy symptoms. This leads to non-diagnosis of patients.

Some of the most common symptoms include fatigue, insomnia, nervousness, nausea, weight loss, heat intolerance, over-eating etc. Pregnant women need to go for a complete diagnosis as all these symptoms can certainly not be avoided. In case it is not diagnosed or detected it can cause problems to the mother and baby. This often leads to miscarriages and other serious defects.

The safest drug for pregnant women will be propylthiouracil, antithyroid medications both of which need to be taken under doctor’s recommendations. However, over-dosage of both of these medications can also put a lot of pressure as it might lead to hypothyroidism in both the baby as well as mother. This is the reason doctor’s advice patients to take medications in a particular dosage. In other cases anti-thyroid drugs can also cause certain allergies which can get very intolerable.

The best solution for pregnant women will be to opt for radioactive iodine which will help to kill the thyroid completely with the help of radioactivity. And most often inflammation of thyroid gland can easily interfere with the thyroid function. This will put a lot of unnecessary damage to the body.

Most often postpartum thyroiditis resolves as early as in the first four months. If they get resolved treatment or surgery will not be recommended. Women will also have to remember to consult a doctor or relative if they undergo any unusual symptom. Also, patients can read other procedures and medications conducted on other patients which will keep them at ease. And also always research about the various do’s and don’ts signs of pregnancy.