Graves’ Disease

It is referred as an autoimmune disease that often leads due to an overactive thyroid gland which is also termed as hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland is certainly the most important organ in the body. This is found just below the Adam’s apple on your neck. Its main function includes secreting T3 and T4 hormones both of which are extremely important for controlling metabolism and building calcium. This job of controlling metabolism is important as it determines the weight, and energy levels of the patient. If the body secretes too much of these hormones it leads to hyperthyroidism and in case of reduced level leads to hypothyroidism.

Greaves disease is caused due to hyperthyroidism. It can also be clarified as an abnormal immune system often causing the thyroid glands to secrete higher levels of hormones. It is certainly common in women above 20 yrs of age.

However, this disease is also common in men and some of the symptoms of this disease include; double vision, difficulty in concentrating, eye irritation, anxiety, fatigue, irregular bowel movements, breast enlargement, heat intolerance, insomnia, muscle weakness, menstrual irregularity, sweating, palpitations, nervousness, goiter, weight loss, tremor and breathlessness.

A physical examination will be required to understand the heart rate of the patient. The test to control or determine goiter would be blood tests for checking the levels of T3, T4 and TSH hormones. Sometimes an orbit CT scans ultrasounds or immunoglobulin anti-TSH receptor s also undertaken. The whole idea is to control the level of over activity of the thyroid gland.

Hyperthyroidism can be treated with the help of the following methods. There can be need for a surgery, use of antithyroid medicines, or radioactive iodine. This disease responds very well to any kind of treatment. Patients suffering from Greaves disease often undergo levels of depression, weight gain, heart attack, calcium deficiency, etc. Patients are requests to seek medical help at every possible period. If some of the symptoms do get worse a surgery would be effectively required at the earliest.