Granuloma inguinal is a chronic bacterial infection of the genital region, generally regarded to be sexually transmitted. It is characterized by lesions on the genitals or perianal area that start as raised nodules (granulomas) and then erode to form beefy-red velvety heaped-up ulcers that gradually increase in size. Granuloma inguinal is a relatively rare disease occurring in people living in tropical and subtropical areas. It occurs more frequently in males. In the United States, while homosexuals are at greater risk, it is relatively rare in heterosexual partners of those infected. It is also called as Donovanosis.
After contracting the infection it may take from 1 week to 3 months for any signs and symptoms to appear. There are several types of lesions that may occur and symptoms are mild. Small, painless nodules appear after about 10–40 days of the contact with the bacteria. Later the nodules burst, creating open, fleshy, oozing lesions. The infection will continue to destroy the tissue until treated.
Major symptoms found are as follows:
- Lesions found on the shaft of the penis
- Found at the labia, or the perineum
There are several antibiotics that will effectively cure granuloma inguinal. Response to the antibiotic should be evident within seven days and total healing usually occurs within three to five weeks. Three weeks of treatment with erythromycin, streptomycin, or tetracycline, or 12 weeks of treatment with ampicillin are standard forms of therapy.
If you want a prevention than you have to keep some things in your mind i.e. use condom during your sexual intercourse, be loyal with your partner and try to reduce number of your sex partner, after get infected , immediately go to your doctor and avoid any sexual contact. If you untreated this, then it may affect adversely, and it may spread to your sex partners.