Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through any type of sexual contact. STDs are sometimes referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) since they involve the transmission of a disease-causing organism from one person to another during sexual activity. It is important to realize that sexual contact includes more than just sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal).Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI).
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrheoae. Gonorrhea affects both men and women and can infect the cervix, urethra, rectum, anus and throat. Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Untreated, gonorrhea can also lead to infertility, meningitis and septicemia.
Anyone who has any type of sex can catch gonorrhea. The infection can be spread by contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus The risk for men who have sex with men is higher. The bacteria can even grow in the eyes. You are more likely to develop this infection if you:
- Have multiple sexual partners
- Have a partner with a past history of any sexually transmitted infection
- Do not use a condom during sex
- Abuse alcohol or illegal substances
Over 50% of infected women have no symptoms, especially in the early stages of the infection. Symptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 2 – 5 days after infection, however, in men, symptoms may take up to a month to appear. Some people do not have symptoms. In Women, A change in vaginal discharge; it may appear in abundance, change to a yellow or greenish color, and develop a strong smell. A burning sensation or pain whilst passing urine. Irritation and/or discharge from the anus. In Men, A white or yellow discharge from the penis. A burning sensation or pain whilst passing urine. Irritation and/or discharge from the anus.
To test for gonorrhea an examination of the genital area will be carried out by a doctor or nurse and samples will be taken, using a cotton wool swab or sponge, from any infected areas – the cervix, urethra, anus or throat. Women will also be given an internal pelvic examination, similar to a smear test. A sample of urine may be taken. Treatment is easy and essential. The patient will be given an antibiotic in tablet, liquid or injection form.