Deficiency Anemia – Causes, Symptoms, Tests, Treatment

Anemia is a disease which can be caused due to different reasons which includes high rate of blood cell destruction, lack of red blood cells production and blood loss. Anemia can be caused due to the deficiency of various minerals in the body. The most common causes of anemia are deficiency of vitamin and deficiency of iron.

Anemia caused due to deficiency of Vitamins

Anemia caused due to deficiency of vitamins is a state which occurs due to the lack of red blood cells. This lack of red blood cells is caused due to the deficiency of various vitamins in human body.

Causes and Symptoms

Vitamin B12, Vitamin C and folate are some of the vitamins which if are in less amount can lead to amenia. Vitamin deficiency takes time to develop and the symptoms of Anemia caused due to deficiency of Vitamins may be subtle in the beginning but it increases as the deficiency worsens. The signs and symptoms showed by body suffering from Anemia caused due to deficiency of Vitamins are diarrhea, irritability, mental confusion, dizziness, fatigue, short breath, pale skin, jaundice, numbness or tingling in arms and legs, weakness and loss of balance.

Tests

There are various tests through which Anemia caused due to deficiency of Vitamins can be identified. These tests are Complete blood count, antibodies test, schilling test and methylmalonic acid test.

Treatment

The treatment which is given to a patient suffering from Anemia caused due to deficiency of Vitamins includes supplements and change in diet.  The patient is given supplements to control the deficiency of vitamins such as folic acid, vitamin b12 and vitamin c in body.

Anemia caused due to deficiency of Iron 

Anemia caused due to deficiency of Iron is a state when the body does not have enough iron to produce red blood cells which leads to either reduction in the production of red blood cells or to production of too small red blood cells.

Causes and Symptoms

Anemia caused due to deficiency of Iron is caused by heavy blood loss due to injury or heavy menstruation, inability to absorb iron or lack of iron in the diet. The symptoms in a patient suffering from Anemia caused due to deficiency of Iron are very mild in the beginning. The symptoms of Anemia caused due to deficiency of Iron are headaches, problem in concentration, lethargic feeling, pale skin, sore tongue, shortness of breath, weight loss and dark colored blood.

Tests

The test which can be recommended for a patient suffering from Anemia caused due to deficiency of Iron are hemoglobin tests, RBS indices, colonoscopy and upper endoscopy.

Treatment

Anemia caused due to deficiency of Iron is cured by giving supplements and advising diet which is full of iron.