In most cases Mononucleosis is a prolonged condition and one has to be confined to the home for weeks. Another important thing is that there is no specific therapy available to treat mononucleosis infection as antibiotics don’t work against mononucleosis viral infections. So the only treatment available for this condition is bed rest and adequate fluid intake.
Only advice for the patient is that they have to be patient with their body as it fights the infection.
The young people who suffer from mononucleosis will have to miss their regular activities, like classes, team practices and parties. Though if one has mononucleosis, it does not mean that they necessarily need to be quarantined but it is advisable to stay at home and avoid school and other activities until one feels better.
In addition to taking bed rest the patient can do a few more things to relieve symptoms of mononucleosis.
- Drink plenty of water and fruit juices
- Take an over-the-counter pain reliever
- Gargle with salt water
Fluids help relieve fever and sore throat and prevent dehydration. Also an over-the-counter pain reliever though these medicines may have no antiviral properties but the only reason to take them is to relieve pain or a fever. But avoid aspirin to a child under age 16 as it may trigger a rare but potentially fatal disorder known as Reye’s syndrome. Along with this Gargle with salt water relieves sore throat. As for the proportion of salt and water, mix 1/2 teaspoon salt in 237 milliliters of warm water.
Most signs and symptoms of mononucleosis ease within a few weeks, but it may be two to three months before the patient feels completely normal. The more rest one gets, the chances of recovery are faster. Avoid returning to the usual schedule too soon as it can lead to relapse of this medical condition.
Also the spleen is at risk and one should any risk of rupturing the spleen. The best way is to wait at least one month before returning to vigorous activities like heavy lifting, roughhousing or contact sports etc. If there is a rupture of the spleen it results in severe bleeding and this is a medical emergency.
The best way is to ask the doctor when it is safe to resume the normal level of activity. Most of the doctors recommend a gradual exercise program to help rebuild the strength during recovery.