Chlamydia – Effects, Treatment

Bacteria belonging to the genus Chlamydia is one of the most widespread groups of microorganisms and prevalent as a cause of various infections, particularly genital tract, respiratory and eye irritation. Chlamydia trachomatis only causes infections in humans, while Chlamydia psittaci is found in birds and can occasionally infect people causing psittacosis.

What are the effects?

Chlamydia infections during pregnancy, such as endometritis, can cause abortions, or infection of the amniotic fluid and premature rupture of bag causing premature birth. The newborn may become infected at the time of delivery, while going through the birth canal, where the mother is infected. In these cases, it can also cause conjunctivitis, nasal pharyngitis or pneumonia in the baby.

What is the treatment?

The treatment is based on the administration of antibiotics, of which there are several options. The choice of antibiotic depends on the location of the disease, the condition of the patient and body type of the patient. Tetracyclines are effective but they are often not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation because they cross the placenta and accumulate in bone and teeth of the fetus or newborn.

In the same way quinolones (ofloxacin and difloxacin ciprofloxascina) are very effective but are used in reduced amount during pregnancy because they can cause cartilage lesions. Macrolides, erythromycin, roxithromycin and clarithromycin are effective against the bacteria and can be used during pregnancy, lactation and the neonatal period, they are not known to have any severe side effects.

In all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), it has been observed that preventing the disease is always a better and easier option that trying to cure it. The same rule applies to Chlamydia infections as well. Women should avoid unprotected sex, sex with multiple partners simultaneously and should take care of their hygiene, in order to prevent the occurrence of this disease.