Chancroid – Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Chancroid is a contagious infection which is caused by the bacterium, Haemophilus ducreyi. Chancroid, also known as chancre, is a sexually transmitted disease, which is quite common in tropical and sub-tropical regions, but it’s rare in other parts of the world. It is characterized by the appearance of one or more painful ulcers and suppuration of the inguinal lymph nodes. It is often associated with poor hygiene and is common among young people who have sex with commercial sex workers on a regular basis.

Symptoms and signs of chancroid

The chancroid symptoms appear between 4 and 7 days after having contracted the infection. The first evidence of chancre is usually the appearance of one or more sores on the genitals. These ulcers are surrounded by a thin red rim, which gets filled with pus. After a short period of time, the ulcers break to leave open wounds, which are very painful in nature. These ulcers may be located in the penis, vagina, anus, vulva or uterus.

Prevention and treatment of chancroid

Since chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease, like all other STDs, the first step for preventing this disease is to be careful before indulging in any sort of sexual relationship. One should also take proper care of their personal hygiene, especially after having intercourse.  Indulging in safe sex, using condoms properly and avoiding overly promiscuous behavior, would also help to minimize the impact of this disease.

In most cases, doctors and sexologists prescribe antibiotics to treat this disease. The most effective antibiotics, which are used, include azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, and ceftriaxone. In cases where major inflammation of the lymph nodes occurs, it will be necessary to drain the fluid, either with a needle or through local surgery.

A fact that everyone should know is that, suffering from this disease does not guarantee immunity against it, so it can contract again, unless we take appropriate prophylactic measures.