Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs. These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections. The infection could be caused by bacteria/parasite or virus.
Various viruses, bacteria and other micro organisms that are causes of STDs are stated below:
A) HIV: AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is caused by a virus that infects white blood cells of the body. It destroys a person’s immune system. During the initial phase, even if there are no symptoms and the blood test is negative, yet the person is highly infectious.
B) Herpes Infections: The herpes viruses cause various illnesses. Chicken pox and mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr) are examples of a herpes virus.
Cold Sores and Fever Blisters: These sores are infectious for at least three to four days until the sores begin to heal. Contact with the sores or any contaminated object can cause the virus to be transmitted.
Genital Herpes: Genital herpes is what causes genital warts. All warts are caused from a virus. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted wart. It is caused from having intercourse with someone who has genital herpes, or from having oral sex with someone with a cold sore.
C) Hepatitis Infections
There are several types of hepatitis; Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. You or food workers get the infections easily if do not wash hands properly after going to the washroom and then eat, by sexual contact or sharing needles by drug users or get infected blood. There is no treatment and cure, but there is a vaccine for prevention.
Abstinence or monogamous relations (always the same partner) with someone who is free of an STD will prevent transmission. Bacterial diseases are controlled by preventing transmission and by antibiotics. Otherwise, the use of a condom and avoidance of oral/genital contact is recommended.
Other Organisms that cause Sexually Transmitted Diseases
B) Fungi and Yeast