Before looking at the typhoid symptoms it is very important to know about typhoid. However, every person is aware of this disease but it is vital to know that how typhoid is caused and how it infects the human body. So, one must know that typhoid fever generally occurs due to a bacteria named Salmonella typhi. This mostly occurs due to lack of cleanliness, presence of flies and open sewage in your nearby areas.
Typhoid fever can be caused to any person of any age. Typhoid fever is very common in many developing countries. The incubation period of this disease is supposed to be between 3 and 60 days.
Keep in mind that typhoid is a communicable disease. This disease can be transmitted from one (infected) person to the other via contaminated water and food or through fecal oral route. Hence, it is very necessary to maintain cleanliness in your household areas as unsanitary and unhygienic conditions are responsible for the spread of this disease.
The typhoid fever can be life threatening. So, it is very essential to take action against it as soon as possible. Vaccines are even available against the disease if you are planning to travel to any areas that are endemic to typhoid fever. The typhoid fever disrupts the functioning of intestines due to its inflammation. So, it is very necessary to take proper rest in such cases.
Some of the common typhoid symptoms include:
- High fever
- Severe headache
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach pain
- Weakness and fatigue
- Slow heart rate
However, almost all of the typhoid symptoms are common amongst both adults and children except constipation and diarrhea. Constipation is generally prevalent in adults and diarrhea is common among children.
Today, medical science has introduced many effective drugs for the treatment of typhoid fever. So, if any person feels any of the above mentioned symptoms for more than a week than he/she must visit a doctor immediately.
At the same time it is not necessary that you are suffering from typhoid, in case you see any of the above mentioned symptoms. These symptoms can also be due to any other problem. So, in any case only a doctor would clear about the kind of disease you have.
Sometimes, patient might face severe bowel perforation or intestinal bleeding. Surgical intervention is required in such situations. Sometimes, this might result in the death of the patient due to severe infection.
So, in order to take preventive measures, many developing countries are taking measures and educating people about the importance of cleanliness and hygiene to prevent the spread of this disease.
Apart from this governments are also taking various steps so as to improve the infrastructure. Sewers and open drains are no longer now a threat for people. However there needs a lot of improvement so as to prevent the spread of the typhoid disease especially in Africa, Indian sub-continent and many other Asian countries.