It becomes extremely important for people to understand the different problems related to thyroid and its side effects. Sometimes people find difficulty in understanding all the symptoms. They become sad and cannot cope up with every sudden surprise they get in life.

In case you are a thyroid cancer patient you should understand the treatments and the side effects well in advance. Some of the treatments can cause side effects which can be called as papillary or follicular carcinoma.

Some of the side effects also vary with the kind of treatment or procedure undertaken. Some people might opt for a radioactive or radiation based chemotherapy. You must always talk to your oncologist before learning to manage the situation better. It is always important to ask your doctor about the various post effects or side effects so that you be prepared for the same. And try to pay attention to the kind of treatment or medications they would be suggesting for your disorder.

Firstly opt for an experienced surgeon who specializes in thyroid cancer. This will take off the pressure form you in case of possible side-effects.

Secondly read or speak with patients who have been sufferers of thyroid cancer. Some of the possible side-effects include harsh voice, muscle spasm, tingling sensation, blood clots, voice loss and infection.

Sometimes patients opt for antiemetic drugs to help curb the chemotherapy side effects which included vomiting and nausea. However, only your doctor or surgeon can recommend any of these medicines. Also do not miss any of your weekly appointments as they are a way to help you manage your side-effects patiently.

A help from a doctor or an advice will certainly help in monitoring your progress. You must also improve your eating habits and strictly restrict to foods chosen by your docs. The diet should be rich in protein, fresh fruits, vegetables that will ensure a right balance of vitamins and calories.

Lastly, keep reading and researching on these side-effects which will help you to understand your procedure and health in a better manner. Get involved in small activities that keep you happy and calm. Also try to remain happy and not depressed even if the symptoms put a lot of damage on your health.

An overactive or underactive thyroid can put in lot of pressure and difficulty for women to conceive. Sometimes thyroid problems also occurs post pregnancy which totally puts a toll on the health of a woman.

Thyroid disorders are the main reason for an infertile lady. Sometimes the symptoms are such that interferes with a smooth child birth. They are the main reasons for a premature labor, fetal abnormalities and stillbirth. The thyroid gland begins to enlarge which puts a strain on the thyroid hormones. Hence it can be concluded that hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are both effectively responsible for problems occurring in a pregnant woman.

Hypothyroidism often affects nearly 1% of all pregnant women. However it puts an equal pressure on men and women both at the same time. Hyperthyroidism on the contrary will depict mild symptoms in women but can cause a lot of pain through miscarriage, abortion, premature labor, delivery, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage. Also the women suffering from hyperthyroidism become pregnant there are additional chances for her undergoing a miscarriage or congenital malformations.

It is always important to diagnose the disease well before understanding the symptoms. Both almost face similar symptoms like vomiting, fast heart beats, excessive sweating, inability to bear heat, nervousness, emotional excitement, etc. Only once the diagnosis have been carried forward that a particular surgery or medication can be advised or conducted.

Nuclear scanning is an important procedure apart from using radioactive elements to destroy the fetal thyroid or the underactive thyroid gland. This usually causes pressure on the mental and physical qualities for the baby and even mother.

Sometimes due to a late detection of thyroids, women often come across a hyperthyroid situation called the thyroid storm. This can be caused while the triggering effect of labor causes some kind of an infection which causes the thyroid hormones to storm out than usual. Hence every diagnosis is important especially for women who are in their reproductive or child bearing age groups.

You can also share your problems with a therapist who might recommend some kind of natural therapy or ayurveda to cool off the pain and discomfort. However, the objective should always be to go for regular check-ups during pregnancy as you will be fully aware of any future inevitable problem.

The thyroid gland is located just below the Adam’s apple and is an important organ in any human body. The shape resembles to a butterfly but it is actually more powerful a gland than the other glands.

The main job of a thyroid gland is to secrete hormones namely T3 and T4 with the help from other endocrine glands. They are the reason an infant grows into a kid and later into an adult. The hormonal changes occurring in infants and kids are an effect of the hormonal activity.

The thyroid is the most important gland or organ in the body as they stabilize metabolic activities and also interferes in puberty, organ functioning and fertility.  Most of these hormones also help in building calcium growth. This is the reason why thyroids remain to be the most important element in any human body. They experience problems that sometimes get difficult to understand. It is always better to understand and diagnose thyroids in children before planning the treatment procedure.

Hypothyroidism can be caused due to a weak or inactive thyroid while hyperthyroidism is a result of an overactive thyroid. Doctors will first check for the level of hormone in the body by actually collecting the blood screens and a blood test.  Family medical history does play an important role in identifying the kind of thyroid in an infant. Sometimes iodine deficiency can also cause thyroid problems in kids.

The thyroids remain underdeveloped and fail to secrete necessary hormones into the body. Kids need to have a proper diet if they seem to display certain symptoms of thyroids.

On the contrary kids suffering from hyperthyroidism eventually look over excited and lose an excessive amount of weight, and fail to sleep on time. The facial expression always remains scared and pointblank most of the time. They also face problems when it comes to tolerating heat and cold. Sometimes thyroid nodules are found in kids that can turn into cancer.

Hence a proper scan needs to be done to effect out such a possibility.  It is extremely sad that none of the scientists have ever come across any kind of complete treatment or recovery for thyroids. They hope to come out with a cure for this genetic symptom or issue that messes the whole body making life difficult to cope with.

Thyroid disorders in men and women often create innumerous health problems. Thyroid in women also constitute of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both their symptoms cause disorders that sometimes get uncontrollable. Most symptoms associated with the thyroid gland needs to be understood well before beginning the procedure of medication. The patient should first visit their family physician that would then connect them either to a therapist or specialized doctor.

Woman often get scared of the kind of treatment procedures that are involved with thyroids. Doctors might suggest either radioactive iodine, replacement of thyroid gland, or a surgery to smoothen things off. However not often do these surgeries put an end to their problems.

Some of the symptoms associated with hyperactive thyroids (hypothyroidism) include feeling depressed most of the time, slow run-down feeling, anxiety, nervousness, backache, uneven concentration, exhaustion, tiredness, slow thinking capacity, constipation, intolerance to cold, unbalanced bowel movements, skin turning rough and dry. Some women also experience harsh cramps and muscle pain due to which they rarely workout in the gyms. Such women should actually switch over to meditation and practicing yoga which can be of a great help. Other issues related to this disorder would be irregularity in menstrual cycle, miscarriage etc.

Hyperthyroidism will also face problems such as excessive sweating, irritation, trembling of hands and legs, nervousness, muscle weakness, low concentration levels, increase in heartbeats, weight loss, loss of appetite, decrease in menstrual flow, irregular periods, brittle and dry skin. It depends on case to case basis and none of them can be considered as a mandatory symptom to understand the possibility of a thyroid gland disorder.

It can only be revealed through a blood test and periodical checking that women face either of these disorders. Also women need to practice to remain happy and mingle with close relatives and friends who would understand their situation. They need to feel chirpy and reveal their problems to their doctor.

Sometimes, women are too scared to go out for the fear of rejection or non-performance. All these can be worked upon if the woman understands the importance of discussing with their concerned doctors. Hence, in case you are a woman and suffer from any of these symptoms kindly get in touch with your doctor immediately and understand the way for a treatment that will enable you to stay focused and concentrate on daily work.

Thyroid problems can basically be divided into two kinds namely hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both of these are caused due to an imbalance in hormone secretion. The symptoms of all of these differ in both men and women. Now both men and women suffer from thyroid but it is mostly the woman who goes through all these problems.

Men often suffer from thyroids in case there is a major change in their lifestyle and use of certain medications. Most symptoms of thyroid disorders in men are related to their lifestyle habits. They might undergo a major mood change, would get into depression, remain fatigue, get irritated, anxious, and face memory loss. Some of these symptoms will affect their career too.

Most men also face sexual inability and weight loss. These men often have very tiny and brittle nails; skin remains pale and dry for most of the time. These people sweat a lot and have protruding eyes. They might not be able to eat a proper diet as some of the foods will directly come in contact with their thyroid disorder. They will bear sufficient amount of pain in case they want to build muscles and prefer exercising.

Some of the problems associated with men include neurological problems that can be inability to bear cold, decreased mental acuity, a slow fast around time etc. However all these problems get worse if not treated well on time? They may face weight loss or weight gain issues. Some men also face severe thyroid problems in the advanced stages which includes decreased breathing, blood pressure, low body temperature etc. All of them need instant medical attention.

Some might also have a very less sperm count due to which infertility issue crops in. They might undergo a same degree of exhaustion as is the case with woman. They also have to get into some kind of normal activity that will enable them to stay focused throughout the day. But this often happens rarely as most of their time their decision to handle situations backs out. A low performance and low libido will eventually lead to chronic depression.

Men often face rejections in most of their decisions which often makes them depressed and unsorted. Hence, even men need to visit their docs periodically that will help them to get over some of the problems with medications and counseling. The docs can recommend a surgery if the case does not sound too complicated.

Hypothyroidism is most common amongst woman during the early stages of pregnancy. This is caused due to deficiency in hormone secretion. Most importantly, this particular disorder causes menstrual problems, loss of periods, irregularity etc.

Once hypothyroidism becomes serious, it also curbs in the process of fertility. The woman has less chances of getting pregnant. In case of early detection an underactive thyroid will easily be treated with the help of either a hormone replacement or with iodine therapy. Most of the symptoms of thyroid get often confused and mixed with pregnancy symptoms. This leads to non-diagnosis of patients.

Some of the most common symptoms include fatigue, insomnia, nervousness, nausea, weight loss, heat intolerance, over-eating etc. Pregnant women need to go for a complete diagnosis as all these symptoms can certainly not be avoided. In case it is not diagnosed or detected it can cause problems to the mother and baby. This often leads to miscarriages and other serious defects.

The safest drug for pregnant women will be propylthiouracil, antithyroid medications both of which need to be taken under doctor’s recommendations. However, over-dosage of both of these medications can also put a lot of pressure as it might lead to hypothyroidism in both the baby as well as mother.  This is the reason doctor’s advice patients to take medications in a particular dosage. In other cases anti-thyroid drugs can also cause certain allergies which can get very intolerable.

The best solution for pregnant women will be to opt for radioactive iodine which will help to kill the thyroid completely with the help of radioactivity. And most often inflammation of thyroid gland can easily interfere with the thyroid function. This will put a lot of unnecessary damage to the body.

Most often postpartum thyroiditis resolves as early as in the first four months. If they get resolved treatment or surgery will not be recommended. Women will also have to remember to consult a doctor or relative if they undergo any unusual symptom. Also, patients can read other procedures and medications conducted on other patients which will keep them at ease. And also always research about the various do’s and don’ts signs of pregnancy.

After prostate cancer diagnosis, the fear of losing the ability to be physically intimate with ones partner is both common and understandable. Treatments of the disease can leave a man with ‘erectile dysfunction’ either permanently or temporarily and many men may not know how to maintain intimacy in a relationship without this physical aspect.

Intimacy is connecting emotionally:

Relationships are full of many challenges and obstacles that need to be faced together and prostate cancer is no different.

Communication is important, the patient has to express clearly to his partner/wife how this is affecting him and work through it together. He should communicate openly and honestly as they always have about sex and intimacy. He should say frankly what he wants and how he feels. This will help his wife and she can help him get through this difficult time. He should not sacrifice the relationship while fighting prostate cancer.

As the saying goes “if cancer does not kill you it will make you stronger”. When a man is faced with prostate cancer his only hope for a helpful and productive life is to choose the path of communication and rely on his wife and be completely honest with her.

Talking over the most difficult questions with your wife/partner makes the relationship stronger. Together they would be able to get through all difficult issues and try and realize that the emotional intimacy is what is important after post surgery.

Let the patient discuss with his wife about the changes in his physical sexual functioning and how he may be comfortable dealing with it as a couple.

The patient can go on medication or some exercise to heal back his erectile function. If it does not heal learn to live with it.

After Prostate Cancer: Making physical changes:

An important point is that for a couple to remain physically and emotionally fulfilled intercourse is not important or to be intimate with your partner. For a woman emotional intimacy is very important that makes it easier for the man to adjust to their relationship and make it less stressful.

There are many ways to be intimate without having intercourse. It is really an individual/couple issue that can be worked out very well with good communication.

If impotency is temporary, both partners can learn new ways to be intimate while their sex life is on the hold.

Undergoing prostate cancer treatment and dealing with its side effects can require a lot of time away from work. Since money and health insurance are two pressing concerns during prostate cancer treatment, the patient’s job becomes an important consideration.

Missing work after prostate cancer diagnosis:

Whether the patient undergoes surgery, radiation or hormone therapy to treat prostate cancer, there are side effects of each that may require leave from work. The patient will require time off from his work to have surgery and recover. While radiation treatment appointments would need long periods of leave from work.

If the patient is worried about missing work for such long periods, every employer or organization has some sort of medical leave rules. The patient can choose the type of leave that best suits him to take care of his health.


The Family and Medical Leave Act is a federal law that allows an employee to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave from work to take care of one’s own health or anyone in the family. There are some conditions to such leave. The employer must have 50 or more full time employees. The person wanting leave must also be a full time employee and have worked for at least a year for availing FMLA.

Disability Pay :

The employer or the state government may offer short term or long term disability pay. This program allows the person/employee to receive a certain percentage of his pay even if he is unable to work because of health condition. It is for the patient to find out if his organization or employer offers disability pay.

Disability insurance policies can be brought independently through an insurance agent or financial planner. The patient needs to manage health care bills and paper works related to prostate cancer treatment for insurance purposes. He has to keep a record of his doctor’s visit, hospital visits, treatment dates and medications that he has received.

Ask for co-worker support:

The patient may find his co-workers as a source of support during and after prostate cancer. Accordingly the patient can share about his situation as much as he wishes to.

Supportive working environment attributes a good portion of the patient’s emotional and health healing.

Investigating work related benefits early after diagnosis and keeping communication open at work place keeps peace of mind.

Fatigue is often confused with tiredness. A person can get over his tiredness after a good night’s sleep. On the other hand fatigue is a fall in energy level that cannot be regained even after sleep. It gets in the way of a person’s daily routine.

Cancer related fatigue is one of the side effects of cancer treatment. It comes suddenly after treatment and is often described as paralyzing.

What causes cancer related fatigue?

The exact reason is unknown. It may be related to the disease itself or treatment. The following cancer treatments are commonly associated with fatigue:


Any chemotherapy drug may lead to fatigue, but it may be the side effect of drugs like ‘vincristine’ and ‘cisplatin’. The patient experiences fatigue even months after chemotherapy, but it varies with patient.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy can cause fatigue that increases over time. This can last from three to four week and can continue for three months or a year after treatment.

Combination Therapy:

More than one kind of treatment at the same time may increase fatigue in the patient.

What other factors contribute to fatigue:

Several other factors could contribute to fatigue including:

  • Tumor cells competing for nutrients, often at the expense of normal cells.
  • Decreased nutrition from the side effects like nausea, vomiting, taste change, mouth sores etc. can cause fatigue.
  • Chemotherapy leads to anemia which provides the blood cell with less oxygen resulting in fatigue.
  • Medicines used to treat side effects like nausea, pain, depression and anxiety can cause fatigue.
  • Research show chronic or severe pain can lead to fatigue.
  • Stress worsens feelings of fatigue. Stress can result from dealing with the disease and the ‘unknowns’ as well as worrying about the daily task.
  • Fatigue may result when the patient is trying to maintain his daily routine and treatment together. Modifying daily routine can help conserve energy.
  • Depression and fatigue often go hand in hand. It may not be clear which started first. One way to sort this out would be to understand the depressed feelings and how they affect the patient’s life. If the patient is depressed all the time or was depressed before the treatment or diagnosis of cancer, he needs to be treated of depression first. This would help the doctor to do away with his fatigue.

As prostate cancer progresses it becomes difficult for the patient to eat. Food may not taste good or it may be difficult to chew and swallow because of mouth sore and other issues. As a result the patient loses weight very fast.

Sufficient calorie intake and maintaining a healthy body weight are important to maintain the energy level of the patient and his body strong, but that becomes a challenge in prostate cancer.

Why weight loss occurs during prostate cancer?

It is not yet fully understood why prostate cancer patient suffer from ‘anorexia’ (weight loss) during treatment. It may be because food may taste different during treatment or the patient may lose appetite.

If the patient is not eating enough and feeling anxious he may easily burn off calories and unintentionally lose weight. This kind of weight loss if in significant amount is called ‘cachexia’.

If the patient is experiencing vomiting or nausea as a side effect of treatment that can be controlled through medicines so that they don’t affect the weight of the patient.

Increase Patient’s Calories:

There should be a frequent intake of food, need not necessarily be a whole meal. It can be just a sandwich or a glass of milk or juice. This helps against nausea and makes the patient feel comfortable. The appetite of the patient is also kept intact through small servings and the patient retains his standard weight. The patient should eat plenty of calorie rich food.

Flavor the food with calories:

The food cooked for the patient should be cooked in oil or butter and honey and brown sugar should be added for extra calories and good flavor.

Get liquid nutrition:

The patient should be served with nutrient supplement drinks like soups, juice, milkshakes and smoothies if they are easier to swallow.


Plenty of protein rich snacks should be eaten throughout the day.

Choose high calorie basics:

The patient should snack on cheese and crackers, puddings, muffins, yogurt and ice-creams.  A spreading of cheese or peanut butter for food can be used.

Protein is the component that is important for a cancer patient and its sources are meat, eggs, milk, yogurt, fish and cheese. Protein indirectly helps to preserve the muscle mass.