GERD or Gastro esophageal reflux is spreading frequently throughout the world. The major cause behind most of the diseases is the poor eating habits. Esophagus is the vital part of body that channels the consumed food from mouth to stomach with a small valve termed as sphincter to allow the unidirectional flow of food stuffs.
However, in some cases due to the weakening of muscles, the sphincter does not function properly and some of the acidic contents spill back from stomach to the esophagus. Since the esophagus does not have any protective lining so, the acid reflux strongly irritates the esophagus. This causes a burning sensation in the throat and the chest which is termed as GERD.
Some of the Symptoms of GERD include:
- Heartburn: The acid reflux results in a burning and irritating sensation in the throat and the chest.
- Bleeding and inflammation in the esophagus
- Peptic strictures: This symptom is seen in case of severe GERD
- Gastro-intestinal bleeding
- Ulcers in the esophageal region
- Anemia: This reflux results in the deficiency of iron.
- Chest pain and choking
- Barrett’s esophagus: This symptom is observed in the later stages of the disease which is also considered as precursor to cancer. So, if left ignored in the initial stages, GERD can also lead to cancer after some time.
- Pulmonary Fibrosis
- Respiratory complications: There might be problem in breathing due to GERD.
- Early satiety
- Unexplained weight loss
- Hiatus hernia: This is a kind of heart burn that is very rarely seen in as a GERD symptom. In this problem the muscles of the stomach move upwards through a distended hiatus. This is a serious problem and needs an immediate medical attention.
It is very necessary to consult a doctor if the problem persists. The doctor would do a proper physical examination of the patient and diagnose the disease. Many people do not go for medical treatment and ignore the problem considering it as a normal acidity problem. They take antacids and get relieved for some time. But after some days the problem occurs again. So, proper diagnosis and medical attention is very necessary to cure the disease.
Remember, that acidity suppressants and antacids though relieve the problem but it is only a temporary solution to forcibly suppress the acid reflux symptoms. Hence, consult a doctor and start the treatment as soon as possible.
Many remedies are available today that not only treat the problem but also eradicate the causes of the disease. So, a complete cure for GERD is available if diagnosed at an early stage. Surgery is also done in some cases when GERD has progressed to advanced stage.
So, the only aim in dealing with GERD is to treat the symptoms and any lesions. The patient is also required to control on the obesity, diet and spicy foods to ensure quick recovery. Remember there are always good chances to completely treat any problem in its early stage.