Nodules are small lumps or growths that occur in the thyroid gland. It is primarily located at the frontal part of the neck just below the Adam’s apple. There are numerous causes for existence of thyroid nodules. These nodules or growths are often benign or non-cancerous and tend to multiply at a fast speed. Most nodules form of thyroid cells while few are certain cysts or sacks. You might also be concerned about one particular nodule which might actually be a string of nodules. These nodules are often more common in women than men.
The chances of nodules formation increases with age of the person. A thyroid might get cancerous in case there is a hard nodule, and if the nodule gets attached to the surrounding organs. These nodules also occur if there has been a family history of thyroid nodules. In cases of multiple endocrine neoplasia too the patient faces nodules.
Sometimes family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma will also lead to thyroid issues. The person will then have a strong vocal cord paralysis due to which they would find difficulty in talking and breathing. If she is younger than 20 yrs of age and older than 70 yrs of age they would suffer from thyroid nodules. Also prolonged exposure to radiation will always be a problem.
Thyroid nodules also occur due to iodine deficiency and Hashimoto’s disease. In fact large nodules do put immense pressure in and around the neck.
Some of the problems that might be noticed include difficulty in breathing, hoarseness or pain in the neck, difficulty swallowing, pain in the neck, clammy skin, increased appetite, nervousness, restlessness, weight loss, skin flushing, skin blushing etc.
Patients suffering from hypothyroidism face symptoms like fatigue, dry skin, facial swelling, hair loss, intolerance to cold, excessive weight imbalance. Some of these may differ depending on the age and medical history of the patient. Your doctor will certainly recommend you a surgery in case it is cancerous; it needs a replacement of thyroid gland, or medications to control an overactive thyroid gland.