Many people around the world suffer from different problems related to the thyroid gland. The mode of treatment for most thyroid related treatment is taking medicines but in some cases even surgeries are required, based on the condition of the patient. Most diseases related to the thyroid gland cannot be cured completely, we can only try to mitigate or lower the effects of the disease.
The different drugs or medicines prescribed have to be taken every day by the patent, in most cases for lifetime. These medications are given in accordance with the type of disorder and its stage.
Patients suffering from hypothyroidism are given synthetic thyroid hormone called Levothyroid Sodium, which makes up for the lack of thyroxine (T4) in the body. Other drugs include Levothroid, Levoxyl, Unithroid, Liotrix etc. Earlier, natural thyroid (desiccated thyroid), which is obtained from the lungs of pigs, was the most commonly used drug for thyroid disorders.
However, in the mid twentieth century, after the introduction of drugs like levothyroxine, doctors have stopped using natural thyroid as the synthetic drugs are more effective. Other common thyroid medicines are Triostat, Westhroid, Tirosint, Cytomel, and Synthroid etc.
These medications or drugs are known to have many side effects like nausea, loss of hair, body ache, insomnia, rapid weight loss etc. Thus, these drugs should only be taken under strict medical supervision and in case, the side effects turn severe, the doctor should immediately be consulted.
Apart from western medicines, many people also opt for herbal medicines and Traditional Chinese Medicines, which are also made of herbs and other natural ingredients.
Another alternative treatment option is to take homeopathic medicines. Even though these alternative forms of treatment do not have any severe side effects, the effectiveness of these treatment methods is a matter of debate in the medical world.