Pneumonia is the leading single cause of death in children across the world. In fact, the number of deaths caused by Pneumonia is more than number of deaths caused by measles, malaria and AIDS combined.
Statistics related to Pneumonia
• Pneumonia causes 19 per cent deaths in children (estimated 1.4 million children) under the age of five years every year.
• Every year, 156 million new pneumonia cases are reported and around 8.7 per cent of these cases are severe and need hospitalization.
• India reports maximum number of new cases of pneumonia (43 million). China comes second with 21 million new cases and Pakistan is third in the list with 10 million new cases.
• Every year, pneumonia causes death of 410,000 children in India.
• Streptococcus pneumonia and Haemophilus influenza are responsible for causing pneumonia in more than 50% of all childhood cases.
• As per the results of various studies, the mortality rate of pneumonia can be decreased by using following methods.
Optimal case management
Exclusive breastfeeding for six months
Minimizing indoor air pollution
Preventive antibiotic treatment in HIV infected children
• Major infectious agents of Pneumonia include bacteria, viruses or fungi.
• Addressing environmental factors, immunization, and adequate nutrition go a long way in preventing pneumonia.
• Although Pneumonia can be treated by using antibiotics; only 30% of infected children have access to the required antibiotics.
• Every day, an estimated 4,300 young lives are claimed by pneumonia (one young life every 20 seconds).
• There is a huge difference in the number of pneumonia led deaths in children in developed and developing countries. An estimated 98 percent of children who died due to pneumonia belong to developing countries.
• For every death of child due to pneumonia in developed nations, there are 2,000 children that die in developing countries.
• Only 1 out of every 5 infected children receives antibiotics for treating pneumonia.