It is a widely known fact that nearly 59% of Americans and an equal percentage of Indians suffer from thyroid problems. This small shaped organ as similar to a butterfly has a whole lot of functions to perform. These functions actually work the structure of an entire body. This gland is located below the neck on the frontal part close to Adams apple. It is very light in weight but has tons of functions to perform.

There are various problems that are associated if your thyroid is not in form. If not diagnosed thyroid problems can lead to depression, anxiety, weight gain, heart disease, hair fall, infertility etc. Hence always remember to go for a complete diagnosis if you undergo any of the following symptoms.

Firstly muscle pain and joint pains are highly associated with thyroid problems. The body goes through a series of muscle and joint pains including swollen legs etc. The other commonly observed symptom or problem would be an enlarged neck. This cause huge discomfort sometimes leads to a hoarse voice. Hence, a thyroid neck test is the ideal solution. The third kind of problem would be changes in hair and skin.

People with thyroid problems often experience hair loss. The hair tends to get dry and brittle. Your skin too becomes dry and rough. Climatic conditions do worsen the situation and hence you would always need to moisturize your skin. Some people with thyroids often face bowel problems which can be constipation, diarrhea, and uneven bowel movements. This is most common with people suffering from hypothyroidism. Thyroid issues are more common with women. Hence menstrual irregularities automatically tend to be associated with women. Some women even face infertility issues. However, that is common in cases of undiagnosed thyroid issues.

Family history also plays a role in your thyroid condition. If you have any of your family members suffering from any of the thyroid issues, you need to pay special attention. Cholesterol issues are also directly related to thyroid problems. Low cholesterol levels may be the main symptom of hyperthyroidism.

The other common problem is depression and anxiety. People suffering from hyperthyroidism often get depressed instantly and feel miserable most of the times. Weight loss and fatigue are other issues related to thyroid problems. The person finds difficulty in putting on weight and looks lethargic. Hence, it is always important to note down your changing symptoms and take precautionary care at the earliest.

The thyroid is an important element of the endocrine gland. This gland will constantly regulate metabolism for the body. This also indirectly plays a role in growing stages of kids from teens to adults. Every physical and internal hormonal change takes place due to thyroid glands.

Hormones are secretes by the glands which further helps in energy production and calcium regulation. It regulates the metabolic rate in a body. It also helps in controlling body temperature and increasing appetite. It also helps in building glucose for energy build-up. It simultaneously helps in production of proteins.

Thyroid glands help in increasing lipolysis and keeping cholesterol level in bay. They also play a role in maintaining necessary cardiac levels in the body. Their job is of extreme importance in infants and kids. The growth of kids is highly dependent on hormone secretion and endocrine glands. The nervous system is also directly related to thyroid glands and its hormone secretion. The skeletal growth and bone density is also determined by thyroid glands. Your muscles growth is also directly related to hormone production. The female production, reproduction, lactation and maturity level is also levied due to hormone secretion. All these meticulous functions are carried out by an organ as small as a butterfly. So how does all this take place at the same time?

The thyroid gland which is situated in the frontal area of your neck is wrapped with a windpipe and has two wings or lobes. The purpose of this gland is to successfully secrete hormones and maintain metabolism throughout the human body.

The thyroid gland also needs the help of hypothalamus gland as well as the pituitary gland to ensure regular output of hormones. Each of the glands produces hormones in different forms. For example TRH is secreted by the Hypothalamus gland, while TSH is secreted by pituitary gland. Both of these combine with thyroid glands to produce T3 and T4 hormones accordingly. Both the hormones send out signals to the pituitary glands that then senses the thyroid to increase or decrease the level of hormone production.

The thyroid also needs to constantly keep the rest of the body in control all the time. However, do remember that a dysfunctional thyroid would often lead to back problems, breathing issues, bloating, depression, weakness and loss of appetite. Hence, kindly get regular check-ups done to manage your body thyroid issues perfectly.

They are considered to b the largest endocrine glands in the body. The name is derived from the Greek word “shield” as it is quite similar to a cartilage. Thyroid glands play an extremely important role in storing or producing hormones for a body. It basically preserves and releases hormones needed during the day to fasten metabolism. Every activity related to heart, body, and cell is controlled by hormones. They eventually help convert food into something called as energy. The foods consumed by you get converted into elements that the body recognizes as energy. Iodine is absorbed through this conversion which further allows the glands to secrete hormones.

Every human body requires hormones to manage internal cell formation completely. They essentially play an important role helping kids grow and mature into adults. The physical body changes in kids, teens and adults takes place due to hormones and its adjustments.

So where exactly is a thyroid gland located? It is situated beneath the neck just below Adam’s apple. The shape of this gland is similar to a butterfly. There are two wings that are attached to the center. The thyroid needs iodine to release hormones.

Hence, you must remember to consume a healthy diet that might help in correct formation of hormones. Hormones releases are in the form of T4 and T3. The other role of thyroid gland is to stimulate hormones for calcium production. There needs to be a correct quantity of calcium required by bones and teeth.

Cacitonin is a hormone that is secreted by the thyroid gland that further enables to make your bones strong. Hence, thyroid glands play an extremely important role in body tissues, enabling vitamins, minerals and maturing a human body.

Most people with thyroid problems often find themselves to be weak and tired. Even an addition in production of hormones can lead to lot of problems. However, thyroid problems are more common in women than men. Women undergo an excessive amount of hormonal issues some affecting their health terribly.

Diseases of the thyroid glands include goiter, orhypothyroidism, and overactive thyroid disease and thyroid nodules. These diseases tend to put too much pressure on the upper part of a human body. An overactive thyroid gland leads to hyperthyroidism while an underperformer is called as ashypothyroidsm. An enlarged thyroid would result in goiter. Thyroid nodules are non-cancerous mass of structures formed within. However, it is recommended to go for a complete scan to rule out the possibility of cancer.

The thyroid is usually a small gland situated below your neck on the front just where a bow may rest. It is brownish red in colour supported by lobes on both sides which might look like a butterfly. This can easily weight an ounce. It is the role of a thyroid to actually produce all the hormones in your body.

Hormones make an important contribution by controlling and regulating your body metabolism and growth. The thyroid would need iodine to support and successfully manage all the bodily functions. Metabolism is a chemical combination that takes place in body cells thereby releasing an excessive amount of energy through way of nutrients and proteins.

The rate at which energy is measured and tested in body is called basal metabolic rate or BMR. It is directly related to increase in calories, stress, fear and illness. Hence, the thyroid plays a special role in ensuring you stay fit and fine. The hormones released by thyroids; T4 and T3 stimulates tissues to generate oxygen as well as proteins. The oxygen allows the cells to work harder than required. All these further build up the calcium level thereby regulating everyday requirements. It is difficult to wonder how something as small as a butterfly can manage to control a body’s energy levels.

The cells work on basis of the hormones. You feel energetic and full of energy once your cells start working harder to regulate the necessary calcium. The pituitary glands do play an essential role to control hormones. In all they are all controlled by Hypothalamus. It is really important to consult your doctor if you experience serious body pain and weakness as this is definitely related to your energy levels.

Hormones do control and de-activate your energy levels. Hormones released by Thyroid essentially play a building role during early teens. Your growth and metabolic rate is constantly regulated by thyroid. Nearly 10 milligrams of iodine gets preserved in the thyroid. This is further required to produce hormones in the right quantity. Iodine is a result of elements produced from foods consumed by a human being.

Hence, kids are supposed to be fed iodine or foods in the right quantity. Amino acid called Tyrosine also plays an equally important role in producing hormones. You must scroll through thyroid pictures to actually understand the beauty of this small object. It is obvious to say that small objects have an important role to play.

There are many reasons that can be of risk to thyroids. Thyroid glands are an important part of any human body. Certain factors are too common that anybody can understand and realize.

Firstly gender; women are more likely to suffer from thyroids than men. On average women suffer 8 times more than men. Age is another important criteria basis which this disease can aggravate. People over 50 yrs are more susceptible to suffer from thyroid disease. An individual’s personal history is also of some relevance here. At times pregnancy does put a huge risk on developing postpartum thyroditis. This further causes a problem in case you plan for a second child. Family medical history soon follows as it affects the immune system of the individual. This risk is further higher if you have an immediate or first-degree relative suffering from the same. In case your family suffers from an autoimmune disease; this would immediately put you on the threshold to suffer from the same.

Secondly thyroid surgery sometimes relapses and results into hypothyroidism. Also radioactive iodine treatment that is considered to treat hyperthyroidism can also cause hypothyroidism. Pregnant women suffering from thyroditis can directly suffer from postpartum thyroiditis.

Thirdly, smoking can put you at an increases your chances for an autoimmune disease. The chemicals in the cigarette will cause thyroid eye disease which is worse than Grave’s disease. At time too much intake of iodine or herbal pills can also increase the risk of autoimmune diseases.

At the same time iodine deficiency can also cause problems for people staying in Mediterranean and hilly regions where salt is consumed in lower quantities. In some other cases medications and treatments involving lithium, amiodarone, monoclonal antibody, immunosuppressants leads to an underactive thyroid. Foods involving soy and goitrogenic elements will also lead to hypothyodism. The chemcials called goitrogens are found in broccoli, turnips, millet, kale, cauliflower, radishes, kohlrabi and sprouts.

Another important element is unnecessary radiation exposure will lead to higher chances of an autoimmune thyroid disease. Some other factors involve stress, depression, mental trauma, divorce; death can also put a lot of pressure on the individual. In case you have ever undergone a neck surgery you might be experiencing higher chance of suffering from hypothyroidism.

Lastly, surgical antiseptic exposure will also cause a higher risk of developing hypothyroidism, thyroditis and hyperthyroidism. Hence, understand all the different risk factors associated with thyroid disease and talk to your doctor if you some questions are still unresolved.

Most people suffering from thyroid will undergo hell lot of changes right since the time they would have been diagnosed.

The most common symptoms of a thyroid disorder are fatigue depression, weight loss or gain, hair loss, loss of appetite etc. There are sufficient risk factors involved that make the whole thyroid procedure or disorder even more painful.

The thyroid gland plays an important role of secreting hormones after collaborating with pituitary glands etc. There are occasions that would make working and living every day with pain. Hence, it is always important to follow the root cause of the problem.

The symptoms can be as minor or can differ from case to case basis. The most common problems associated are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both of these have their different symptoms and problems.

Notable symptoms in case of hypothyroidism are as follows:

  • One often feels exhausted without actually doing much work.
  • Sometimes the swelling often puts the patient depressed and inactive. The inner strength to act upon or work gets decreased to a major extent.
  • Your brain or mind will not allow you to think or plan properly.
  • There is lack of concentration level or decreased amount of involvement.
  • Your skin automatically becomes dry and pale.
  • The patient will also find difficulty in adjusting to cold climates.
  • Constipation, bloating and cramps are the most common symptoms.
  • The menstrual flow in women would be more than what a normal person might undergo. Sometimes hypothyroidism also leads to infertility or miscarriage.

Notable symptoms in case of Hyperthyroidism are as follows:

  • The patient will feel nervous all the time.
  • The patient might get irritated, angry or upset at small occasions.
  • There is an increase in body shivers that might put the person to sweat or worry more than necessary.
  • The arms and legs pain making the person incapable of walking or exercising for longer durations.
  • Continuous loss of weight would often lead to loss of appetite and change in diet habits.
  • The patient might feel an increase in his or her heartbeats.
  • Menstrual cycle is often abnormal or irregular most of the times.
  • These are quite a few symptoms in case of both thyroid disorders.
  • It is always advised to undergo a complete check in case of any surgery or medication probability.

Most of these symptoms can be easily managed with medications. The person has to ensure that medications are followed to the core. In case you find solace in natural therapy you must opt for the same. Most often people tend to look out for Ayurveda or Homeopathy that gives a long-lasting solution that an instant solution.

The thyroid gland is the most important organ in a human body. The gland primarily responsible for metabolism and energy build-up does undergo certain problems which may put a toll on the body. Some of the problems that individuals face are weight gain, depression, heart disease and fertility. However, there can be additional problems if the thyroid gland fails to function properly. But this does not imply that you cannot control or prevent thyroid condition from getting worse.

There are some simple steps that can enable you to remain calm and healthy. Firstly urge for a thyroid collar during inspection or X-rays. You can always ask for a thyroid collar once you go for another round of an X-ray. This will give the neck the right comfort before X-rays are taken. You can always get rid of the unnecessary radiation exposure as only your thyroid would be exposed. The thyroid is definitely quite responsive to an exposure and any kind of excessive radiation will worsen the thyroid condition.

Secondly do not smoke or quit smoking if you are in the habit of smoking. The chemicals and toxins in the cigarettes often mess with the thyroid gland. These toxins can also lead to dangerous consequences. Also complications like Graves disease is associated with people who smoke. Smoking also leads to other cancerous problems.

Thirdly, take the help of your doctor at every stage. German researches have often vouched for Levothyroxine to be the solution for treating autoimmune thyroditis. This kind of medication will lower the TSH level and stop the disease to spread. Certain foods are extremely important to be stopped. For e.g.: intake of soy products will cause the immune system to falter and cause unnecessary problems. Other foods like tofu, miso soup and soy powders along with creams and pills should also be avoided. The bacteria and nutrients in these foods fail to work perfectly for the thyroid gland. Simply remember to consume potassium iodide (OTC medicine) in case there is some kind of emergency. This will work and protect the gland from turning into cancerous. Always keep a strip of this with you while you travel or at work.

Lastly, the fluoride in the toothpaste can also be a good solution to treat hyperthyroidism. It causes the thyroid gland to turn underactive immediately. Most importantly remember to educate yourself about the various kinds of options available to prevent thyroid disorders. Your doctor will be in a better position to explain in detail.

A biopsy is a diagnostic procedure in which a little tissue is removed from any part of a person’s body and then it is studied under a microscope for determining the actual cause of a disease.

Types of Biopsies

The biopsy gives the greatest certainty of diagnosis. There are different modes depending on clinical circumstances:

  • Tissue biopsy
  • Lymph node biopsy
  • Percutaneous
  • Daniel biopsy or scalene node biopsy,
  • Biopsy of soft tissue mass,
  • Bone biopsy of an osteolytic lesion
  • Bone marrow biopsy
  • Pleural biopsy
  • Percutaneous lung biopsy or transmural or transpleural:
  • Late or preoperative biopsy

Other types of biopsies include:

Excision biopsy: it is the complete removal of an organ or a tumor, usually without margins, which is normally performed in the operating room under anesthesia. Excision biopsy is performed for:

  • The removal of lymph node isolation.
  • In small breast tumors: When it is a benign tumor, the biopsy itself is therapeutic.
  • In suspicious skin lesions, especially melanin: If they are benign, no further surgical treatment is required after the biopsy.
  • The spleen cannot be biopsied in case of lymphoma , taking a sample of the risk of bleeding , so it is completely removed ( splenectomy ).

Intraoperative biopsy: this is obtained during an exploratory laparotomy for example in ovarian cancer.

Perpendicular Cervical Biopsy: this is done in the cervical area to determine cervical cancer.

Incision biopsy: It is the biopsy that is done to surgically remove a tumor or obtain a piece of tissue from it. This type of biopsy is used most often used in soft tissue tumors of the brain , liver , lung or kidney.

Endoscopic Biopsy: biopsy is done through an endoscope inserted through a natural orifice or a small surgical incision.

It is a kind of scan which is performed to measure or evaluate the functioning of the thyroid gland of a person. This scan is mostly conducted in a laboratory or testing center of a hospital. This kind of scan falls under nuclear medicine as this test uses a certain amount of radioactive iodine or radioiodine. This scan is similar to Iodine uptake scan and its purpose is to determine the condition of the thyroid gland of an individual and to find out the root cause of any thyroid related disorder.

How is Thyroid Scan performed?

The patient is given a pill which contains radioiodine (radioactive iodine), the iodine is mixed with the blood, allowed to flow with the bloodstream and then to settle in the person’s thyroid. After about 4 – 6 hours, with the help of a camera, the testers then find out the amount of iodine that the thyroid gland has absorbed from the blood. This scan will then reveal the cause of different thyroid related problems.

The camera takes pictures of the person’s thyroid gland from three different angles. These images will help in determining over active & under active stages of thyroid gland. This test can also be performed with radioactive technetium instead of using radioiodine.

A complete body scan can also be performed for people who suffer from thyroid cancer. This scan helps in determining if the cancerous cells have spread across the patient’s body.

Why is Thyroid Scan required?

A thyroid scan could be required in order to:

  • Find the root cause of hyperthyroidism (when the thyroid gland is over active).
  • To determine if thyroid cancer have spread in areas, outside of the patient’s thyroid gland.

The thyroid scan is prescribed by the doctor based on the condition of the patient.

Iodine Uptake Scan is an examination of the thyroid function in which one is given a moderate amount of radioactive iodine to determine how much of it is absorbed by the thyroid gland in a given period of time.

How is the test conducted?

The person to be tested is given a capsule which contains radioactive iodine or radioiodine. After a little while period of time (generally which is 6 to 24 hours later), the patient than returns to the clinic for the measurement of radioactivity of the thyroid gland. It is completed using a certain device which is known as gamma probe.

This device is placed on the thyroid gland throughout the external part of the neck. After that, the patient normally lies down and then the scanner runs over the neck and scans the entire area. This process takes around 30 minutes.

Preparation for this test

The patient should not eat anything for 8 hours before the test is conducted. The doctor or the physician might advice the patient not to take certain drugs or medications that might interfere with this particular test.

Drugs that can increase result:

  • Barbiturates
  • Lithium
  • Estrogens
  • Thyroid stimulating hormones
  • Phenothiazines

Drugs that might decrease the result:

  • Corticotropina
  • Antihistamine
  • Antitiroideos drugs
  • Corticosteroids
  • Solution of Lugol
  • Nitrates
  • Potassium iodide saturated solution
  • Drugs for the thyroid
  • Tolbutamida

Thus, the patient must stay away from the above mentioned drugs unless the doctor advises otherwise.

The doctor must be informed if the patient has encountered any such situation:

  • Diarrhea (the absorbed radioactive iodine could fall off the body).
  • Recent radiological procedures in which means of resistance with iodine have been used (in the previous two weeks).
  • Very little or too much iodine in the diet.